Removal of the uterus is medically called hysterectomy. By and large, the procedure is done to manage uterine cancer, constant vaginal bleeding, fibroids, endometriosis and pelvic pain during period, prolapse, etc.
There are 3 categories of hysterectomy: complete, partial and radical.
Removal Of Uterus Surgery (Hysterectomy)
Complete hysterectomy entails removal of uterus and the cervix; partial hysterectomy removes only the uterus; while radical hysterectomy, removes the uterus, cervix, upper portion of the vagina, and some adjacent tissues as well.
The 2 methods to carry out the procedure are: open surgery and laparoscopic surgery.
Uterus Removal Side Effects
- Premature menopause is an important aspect that occurs after hysterectomy. Estrogen level in the body drops, and menopause occurs.
- Cardio-vascular diseases are other complications that could develop. Estrogen has a protective effect over the heart; thus, with a drop in the estrogen levels, risk for heart diseases increases.
- Additionally, chances of developing osteoporosis increases significantly.
- Reduction in the sex drive may occur.
- Vaginal dryness is another side effect.
Complications Of Hysterectomy
- Urinary incontinence is an important complication after hysterectomy. This disorder develops over a period of time. Women tend to develop stress incontinence and prolapse of the vagina.
- Hysterectomy has an important effect on the psychological state as well. Women complain of mood swings and depression.
Recovery Time After Hysterectomy
The recovery time depends upon:
- The reason for the procedure
- The type of hysterectomy performed
- Open / laparoscopic surgery
- Presence of complications during the operation
- Whether / not precautions are taken after the surgery
- Overall health at the time of surgery.