Rashes on skin are manifestation of wide variety of skin ailments. In general rashes can be identified easily by their characteristic and appearance. The lesions are red, dry or moist, raised, inflamed and itchy. Rashes are more common around skin folds, especially as these areas remain moist.
Rashes represent response of body to an infection, allergy or a chronic disease. They may or may not be infectious and most of the time treatment depends on an accurate diagnosis.
Rash behind ears is a symptom and sign of many diseases. A rash in this area has all its characteristic features such as raised red surface, itching, burning sensation, cracks and fissures, scaling and even fluid filled lesions.In wintery dry climate, the symptoms become worse. Although rash behind the ears can develop in all persons, they are more common among children.
What Causes Rash Behind Ear?
Rashes behind ears can be due to wide variety of reasons. Some of which develop solely behind the ears, while some may be together with rashes on other parts of body. Rashes behind ears may be associated with other symptoms of underlying disease. Let us know some of the common and frequent causes of rash that occur behind the ears.
- Contact allergic dermatitis: This is one of the commonest causes of rash behind ears. It appears as red sometimes raised bump together with itching and soreness. Often chemicals in soaps and shampoos may be responsible for such rash. Wearing artificial ornaments may sometimes be responsible for allergic rash on and behind the ears. Especially those containing nickel are suspected to cause rash on skin.
- Seborrheic dermatitis: It is a type of skin condition present in scalp. The characteristic symptoms are inflammation in scalp together with itching and scaling of skin. Sometimes the condition can extend behind the ears. Seborrheic dermatitis is caused by a microorganism called malessizia. It is a type of yeast present on scalp skin.
- Measles: Measles is one of the most common childhood infections. The infection is caused by a virus. It is a respiratory disease, having its first symptom as raised red spots behind the ears, which spreads to trunk and eventually covers the whole body. The other associated symptoms of measles are high temperature, runny nose and dry cough. There is no cure once it occurs but in mild cases the recovery is swift. Immunization provides protection and is usually undertaken at nine to fifteen months of age.
- Psoriasis: Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition characterized with raised red scaly patches affecting both sides of body. White skin scales are peculiar of this condition. It may occur behind the ear and on scalp. The lesions are small and circular while others may join to form plaques. Itching is not uncommon and most patients complain of intense itching and scratching resulting in bleeding from the area.
- Fungus infection: Fungus infection behind ears is common because of skin folds and entrapment of moisture in this area.
Home Remedies To Treat Rashes Behind Ears
Since there are number of causes for rash behind ears, it is important to determine the underlying cause. Once the cause is determined it is easier to treat. Suitable home remedies and precautions are useful in relieving most of the symptoms of rashes that occur behind the ear.
- Keep the area behind ear dry and clean. This will help in preventing fungal and bacterial infection behind the ear.
- If the condition is suspected to be due to chemicals, dyes and earrings, the cause for contact allergic dermatitis, try to change the product. Avoid using hair dye if you are found allergic to them. Instead use natural hair dye which has no chemicals in them.
- Apply tea tree oil on the lesion if the underlying cause is fungus infection. Use tea tree oil in diluted form. Mix few drops of it to a carrier oil such as olive oil. It is effective in dealing with rash which is accompanied with fungus infection.
- Applying turmeric paste helps in reducing inflammation and redness. Turmeric has inherent anti inflammatory properties which help in reducing redness and swelling associated with rash.
- Use dandruff shampoo when the cause is seborrheic dermatitis. The condition responds well to dandruff shampoo and steroid ointments.