Macular rash is associated with red, flat and small patches on the skin, which is often associated with itching. Macular rash can be caused due to chronic illness, allergic reaction or with the use of certain medications. Further macular rash is also caused due to viral or bacterial infections and can result in blistering or scaling of the skin.
What Causes Macular Rashes On Skin?
There are a host of factors that are responsible for formation of macular rash on the skin. The causes can be classified into infectious and non infectious causes.
- Bacterial, fungal or viral infections can result in macular rash on the skin. These factors are often associated with poor hygiene and skin care regimen. Infectious causes are often contagious and can spread from one person to another through touch.
Non infectious cases include a host of conditions which can result in macular rash. These include,
- Dermatitis: Dermatitis also referred to as eczema is a leading cause of macular rash. Dermatitis is further classified into seborrheic dermatitis ( which occurs due to hormonal imbalance and genetic factors), atopic dermatitis ( which occurs at childhood), contact dermatitis ( which occurs due to exposure to a chemical).
- Nappy Rash or diaper rash is common among infants who are kept in diapers for long duration of time. Poor ventilation and humidity are factors responsible for nappy rash.
- Psoriasis: This is a disease which is often an autoimmune disorder, which is characterized by scaling and itching. Psoriasis often develops in response to stress and is aggravated during winters.
- Nummular Eczema is also a unique type of eczema which appears during winter seasons and is associated with itching and oozing of the skin.
Symptoms of Macular Rash
The appearance of macular rash on the legs may vary in extent, severity and overall appearance depending upon the underlying causative factor described above. Some of the common symptoms associated with macular rash on the legs include,
- Itching with redness and burning sensation on the skin. The burning is relieved by application of cold water.
- The rash may be associated with formation of blister and associated with slight oozing from the skin. Often the macular rash my be associated with flaking of the skin, which is more frequently observed in conditions like psoriasis.
- Edema with ulceration on the legs may be observed in individuals suffering from more chronic conditions like diabetes or peripheral artery disease. Leg Rash may also be observed in cases of individuals with deep vein thrombosis and varicose veins.
Treatment For Macular Rash
There are a host of home remedies that can be effective in management of macular rash and its associated symptoms,
- Application of aloe vera is considered to soothe the skin and reduce the inflammation and irritation.
- Local application of a mixture of turmeric with raw honey is beneficial. Turmeric has anti-microbial properties, while honey has a soothing effect on the skin.
- Tea tree oil is considered beneficial in management of fungal and bacterial causes associated with macular rash.
- Homeopathic drugs like Apis Mel,Sulphur, etc. are considered beneficial in the management of macular rash.