A keloid forms after the skin injury is healed. It is a scar tissue which forms as a result of excessive growth of granulation tissue. A keloid scar rises suddenly above the rest of normal skin. Keloid is smooth, firm and rubbery to feel. It appears as shiny nodule above the skin. It is usually pink, red or dark brown in color. They are more commonly found on neck, arms, and shoulders and on the head.
On face, a keloid develops either after an injury, after a jewelry piercing or after a healed acne or a boil.Everyone is not prone to keloid. More often it is seen to be hereditary. Except for cosmetic reason, a keloid is not contagious nor is it harmful, but a large keloid can affect the movement of skin.
A keloid is more common in young people than in old. It is often seen in families. Keloid is more common in people of Asian and African origin. Both men and women have equal risk of developing keloid. But due to ear piercing and nose piercing which is common in women, keloids are more commonly observed on the face of women.
Prevention Of Keloid Scars On Face
If you are predisposed to keloids, it is difficult to avoid it. But with few preventive measures you can minimize the risk of getting a keloid.
If you are aware of the tendency to develop hypertrophic scars on your body, you have to take extra precautions to avoid any form of injury on your face. Even a small nail scratch on face can produce keloid. In this circumstances think before you attempt ear piercing or nose piercing.
In case if there is a wound on your face, prevent it from getting infected. Once the wound gets infected healing period is prolonged and chances for formation of keloid increases. Sooner the healing takes place, lesser is the risk of formation of keloid in those who are prone to it. For this reason clean the wound thoroughly and apply a bandage till the wound heal.
How To Get Rid Of Keloid Scars On Face?
Keloids are very difficult to go. With modern techniques it has become easier to minimize the lesion and make it less visible. These treatments are worth when keloids develop on face.
Modern day medical practitioners treat keloid in following way:
- Corticosteroid injected in keloid tissue spaced at an interval of one month will reduce the raised keloid scar and make it flat in appearance. It also reduces itching and burning sensation.
- In case of a large keloid on face, surgical excision may be needed. It can be minimized with laser surgery.
- Keloid can develop even after surgical removal of keloid on face. Such recurrences are avoided by silicone sheet dressings, topical application of certain materials. These post surgical treatments are effective in preventing keloid formation.
- Excision of keloid after laser surgery followed by intra lesion steroid injection is effective.
If you want to opt for an alternative way to get rid of keloid, certain home remedies may be effective.
- Applying simple pressure with an ace bandage may help to flatten the raised keloid and make it less visible.
- Application of onion extract is also beneficial in reducing the size of keloid.
- Local application of vitamin E oil on keloid is also found to shrink and fade the keloid.