A callus is layer of thickened skin. Calluses form due to chronic pressure and friction to a particular area of the skin. Calluses are not harmful and in fact their formation is body’s natural way to protect the skin from damage caused due to repeated friction and pressure. Calluses can form anywhere on the body, prominently on bony area which are frequently associated with friction and pressure.
Calluses are not uncommon on knuckles. They can be on knuckle of hand or on the toes. They are common among adults but children too can develop calluses.Usually the hardened skin is observed on proximal inter phalanges or the third joints. They are seldom seen on the proximal or the first joint of fingers and toes.
Calluses are well defined, the skin of callous is thick, smooth and dome shaped. Calluses generally do not produce any symptoms but sometimes it can be tender and painful. They are easily noticeable and the skin shade is lighter than the normal skin color.
What Causes Calluses On Your Knuckles?
As mentioned earlier, calluses are hardened skin area formed due to repeated friction and pressure on a particular part of the skin.Calluses on knuckles form when the knuckles of fingers or toes are repeatedly rubbed or pressurized. It may also develop when the knuckles are repeatedly traumatized in people engaged in physical work.
Calluses have tendency to develop on dry skin. Hereditary predisposition is not ruled out. People tend to develop calluses if their close relatives have history of calluses on their knuckles. You may observe calluses on knuckles of boxers, manual laborers, gardeners etc. It is often observed on the knuckles of dominant hand.
If you are wearing tight shoes, there is always risk of developing calluses on knuckles of toes, especially the little toe. People suffering from bulimia who use their fingers to induce vomiting have propensity to develop calluses on their hand knuckles.
How To Get Rid Of Calluses On Knuckles Naturally?
Calluses on knuckles are not harmful but they are major cause of cosmetic concern, especially when calluses are present on knuckles of hand. A person may feel annoyed and embarrassed to shake hands as calluses are visible. You may feel embarrassed to hold a pen and write in front of someone if you have callus on your knuckles.
- Avoiding repetitive friction and pressure on knuckles is best way to deal with calluses on knuckles. Wear gloves while working so as to prevent friction and pressure. Also wear well fitting shoes that may be lose in front.
- The standard approach to soften calluses on knuckles is to soak your hands in warm water for 10 to 15 minutes daily. Doing it regularly will make the skin over calluses soft and smooth. You can add Epsom salt or few drops of coconut oil to the water. It will provide moisturizing effect. Once the skin over knuckle becomes soft, rub the callus gently with pumice stone. The stone helps to remove layer of hardened skin. However, take precautions not to rub it vigorously to a point where you experience pain. It is a sign that you are damaging the underlying healthy skin.
- Also apply a moisturizer to make the callus skin soft.
- Pineapple skin is beneficial for removing calluses. Pineapple contains an enzyme which helps to soften knuckle callus skin. Place the pineapple peel over knuckle and wrap it with a clean cloth or gauze. Follow this regularly every night for one or two weeks for getting rid of calluses from knuckles.
- If the callus skin is too hard and difficult to remove or if you are diabetic you should always consult your doctor.
- Do not cut or scrape the area with knife in any way as this may cause more problems than solving it.