Inflammation of bronchial passages leads to several untoward and distressing upper respiratory symptoms, such as breathlessness and cough. The bronchial passage is made up of soft bronchial tubes. It is through this bronchial passage the air ventilates in and out of the lungs.
Most of the time inflammation of bronchial passage is caused due to bacteria and virus. Sometimes environmental factor such as air pollution is also responsible for inflammation. There is considerable congestion of mucus in the bronchial tree as a result of inflammation. Minor congestion in lungs is resolved with the help of home remedies.If there is persistent difficulty in breathing, a person should always consult his physician.
Bronchial tubes are part of respiratory system. The air that we inhale through the nose and mouth travels down the trachea which is also called wind pipe. From the trachea, air enters into the large bronchial tubes. It then gets distributed in smaller airways called bronchioles. From the bronchioles, the air is distributed into smaller lung air sacs where exchange of gas takes place.
Inflammation of bronchial passage is a type of defense mechanism adopted by the body to protect the lungs.The condition is also called bronchitis. These inflammation leads to production and accumulation of too much mucus in the air passage. It gives rise to cough and difficulty in breathing.
Bronchitis can either be acute in onset or it can be chronic lasting since several months. Mostly bacteria and virus are responsible for bronchitis. Environmental factors such as air pollution, cigarette smoking, can also irritate the bronchial tube leading to its inflammation. Congestion, irritation and exhausting cough are result of such inflammation.
Home Remedies To Clear Bronchial Passages
There are several home remedies which are found effective in treating congestion caused as a result of bronchial inflammation.
- Inhaling steam: Inhaling steam is one of the most effective ways to get relief from bronchial congestion. Steam inhalation using herbs such as coltsfoot is soothing in all stages of bronchitis. Add one teaspoon of chamomile, thyme, and marjoram to 3 to 4 cups of boiling water and inhale the steam. You can even add essential oil instead of herbs. Essential oil such as eucalyptus and peppermint oil are used since olden days for treating cough and cold. Add few drops of this essential oil in hot water and inhale its steam. Drape a towel over your head for proper inhalation of steam.
- Fluids: Drinking plenty of fluids helps the mucus to get easily liquefied. It becomes easy for the body to expel out liquefied mucus and free the air passage. Drink at least 7 to 8 glass in a day. You can also consume fruit juice, vegetable juice in between. Both contain water as well as many vitamins and minerals which are vital for accelerating the immune system to its peak. Healthy immune system is beneficial for reducing infection and inflammation.
- Rest: Proper rest will ensure fast recovery from the disease. Rest allows the body to get energized to deal with bronchitis.
- Exercise: You should not try to suppress cough. It is a natural way of body to expel the mucus that is accumulated in the respiratory tract. Clearing mucus will allow you to breathe easily. Also deep breathing exercise encourages the blocked bronchioles to get opened. If there is trace of blood in the mucus, you should immediately contact your health care provider.