Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis: Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis Symptoms

Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis is a condition where inflammation occurs in the bronchioles and the alveoli of the lung. Bay and large, it develops as an allergic reaction to dust or chemicals.

Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Causes

  • Dust is a primary cause for this condition. Organic dust containing microbes or proteins, and certain chemicals, like isocyanates cause extrinsic allergic alveolitis.
  • Contaminated air conditioners / humidifiers circulate microbes that trigger this condition

Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis Symptoms

Common symptoms of hypersensitivity pneumonitis include:

  • Cough
  • Breathlessness and gasping
  • Chest pain
  • Fever
  • If the individual stops contact with the allergen, the symptoms resolve, however complete healing takes weeks.

Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Treatment, Diagnosis

X-ray reveals the presence of lesions in the lungs. Also, the doctor will ask you to get your blood work done. A bronchoscopy helps make the diagnosis accurately.

  • First and foremost, it is essential that you identify the offending agent. Once you have ascertained the cause, make sure you steadily avoid it.
  • Reduce your exposure to dust by wearing masks, and having a good ventilation system.
  • An individual who has had an attack, normally, recovers once exposure to the allergen is stopped.
  • To handle the symptoms of extrinsic allergic alveolitis, your doctor may prescribe corticosteroids, it allays inflammation and pain.
  • Alongside, step up your intake of vitamin C. include limes, lemons, oranges, berries, cherries, bell peppers, papayas, etc, in to your daily diet. These are loaded with vitamin C, which boost the working of the immune system, reducing your vulnerability to the allergens, thus reducing the frequency and intensity of the attack.