Smoking Related Diseases: Harmful Effects And Risks Of Smoking

Smoking and Lungs
Smoking and Lungs

Smoking is considered to be one of the most dangerous habits, it is observed that people die 10 to 12 years younger compared to a non- smoker of same age.

Harmful Effects And Risks Of Smoking

  • The death related to smoking can be sudden as seen in cardiac arrest or lingering as seen in chronic disease such as COPD and cancer.
  • Cigarette smoking contains three harmful and carcinogenic chemicals: nicotine, tar containing chemicals and carbon monoxide.
  • Nicotine stimulates the brain and this compound is the culprit for forming the habit of cigarette smoking.
  • Other harmful effects of smoking is the tar deposits in the lungs, it contains chemicals which can cause cancer.
  • Carbon monoxide decreases the oxygen carrying capacity in blood.

Smoking Related Diseases

Diseases caused due to smoking are: from head to toe are

  • Stroke: caused due to clogged blood vessels, an effects of smoking.
  • Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Cataract: premature cataract is observed to due long term cigarette smoking.
  • Early wrinkling of skin of face.
  • Cancer of neck and throat.
  • Cardiovascular attacks.(heart attack)
  • Lung disease: bronchitis, COPD, cancer of lungs, tuberculosis and sarcoidosis.

Diseases Caused By Smoking

  • Cancers of various organs: stomach, pancreas, bladder, uterus, kidney and blood.
  • Cancer of prostate.
  • Impotency
  • Infertility and sterility
  • Decreased circulation in lower leg causing gangrene in finger and toes.
  • Abdominal aortic aneurism
  • Hypertension.

Of the above hypertension, stroke, heart attack, cancer of lungs and throat, COPD are usually encountered the most in middle age of a person who smoke for a very long duration.