Implantation pain refers to the pain experienced by the female when the fertilized ovum attempts to burrow into the walls of the uterus to get implanted. In most occasions this pain or cramping is associated with mild discomfort. On some occasions implantation pain is also associated with mild bleeding which is attributed to the burrowing of the fertilized ovum into the uterine lining.
Often implantation pain is experienced only in a few females, as in most cases the pain may not be experienced at all. Implantation pain is normally experienced about five to twelve days after ovulation (i.e. the mid of the menstrual cycle). The pain experienced is very mild and in case it is severe it is important to consult the doctor immediately
Why Do You Get Implantation Pains?
Following ovulation, the ovum is released from the ovaries and travels along the fallopian tube into the uterus. In the uterus the ovum is fertilized by the sperms (from the male partner) which results in the formation of the embryo.
Once the embryo is formed, it tends to burrow into the uterine linings and gets adhered into the uterus. This process is referred to as implantation.Often the condition may be associated with slight pain and bleeding, as the embryo attempts to cling on to the uterine walls.
Inability of the embryo to cling on to the uterine lining may result in failure of conception. Normally the implantation pain is experience after about three to five days of ovulation, however may even be experienced as late as seven to twelve days after ovulation.
Implantation Pain On One Or Both Sides
The location of the pain depends upon the side on which the embryo gets embedded. However it is important to remember that there are different types of causes of pain on either side,
- Ovulation Pain: This is referred to as the pain experienced at the time of ovulation. Often females may experience one sided pain, depending upon which ovary releases the ovum. However in some cases females may experience bilateral ovulation pain, especially when two separate sets of ovum are released by both the ovaries. Ovulation pain normally occurs in the mid of the cycle (i.e. between the 10th to the 18th day of a normal menstrual cycle of 28 days).
- Implantation Pain: Following ovulation, the ovum travels down to the uterus and gets fertilized and then gets implanted into the uterine lining. Often, the implantation pain is on the same side as the ovulation pain, since it is easier for the ovum to get implanted on the same side. However occasionally the female may experience implantation pain on the side opposite to which she experienced the ovulation pain
How Long Implantation Pain Last?
Normally implantation pain may last for 12 to 24 hours. However in cases like ectopic pregnancy, where the implantation may have occurred at a site other than the uterus, the pain may persist and increase in severity as the pregnancy progresses.