Question: I’m 5 months pregnant and always feel stomach pain. Please tell me the treatment, vaccinations and diet chart for pregnant woman.
Answer: A mild abdominal discomfort during pregnancy is a common feature. Crampy and excruciating pains are a cause for concern and need to be reported to the gynecologist immediately. Following are some guidelines for the diet plan and other precautions to be taken during pregnancy.
- Watch your diet closely.
- Weight gain during pregnancy should be a total of 11 kgs over the period of 9 months.
- Make sure that you never have an inconsistent eating schedule. Never skip meals. Stick to meal timings. Never stay hungry for too long.
- Fiber content in your diet should be stepped up. Fiber is found in raw vegetables and fruits.
- The diet ought to provide adequate calcium. Calcium is necessary for the development of healthy bones and teeth in the fetus and to provide the mother with adequate reserves during lactation. Rich sources – milk, cottage cheese, yogurt, butter, green leafy vegetables, egg, fish.
- Iron is essential for the production of hemoglobin in the baby and to maintain an optimum level of hemoglobin and RBC in the mother. Ascertain that you take a liberal helping of the following – dates, tomato, beet, green leafy vegetables, apricot, raisins, and figs.
- Eat good quality, biologically complete proteins -milk (3 cups), yogurt, Soya bean, pulses and legumes.
- Drink copious amounts of water. It checks constipation and urinary tract infections. Never use artificial laxatives to cure constipation.
- Avoid processed foods (white sugar, refined flour, canned products, soft drinks), and stimulants (tea/coffee)
- Ensure that you visit the gynecologist every 2-3months for a routine check up.
- Watch your B.P.
- Vaccination that is advisable during pregnancy is the tetanus (2 doses).