Tooth abrasion refers to a condition which is characterized by permanent loss of tooth structure which may be due to chipping of a tooth tip or destruction of the enamel layer of the tooth which in turn leaves the root surfaces exposed.
Tooth abrasion may result in permanent damage to the tooth structure. Brushing your teeth too hard is considered to be one of the most common causes of tooth abrasion, however use of a wrong tooth paste or excessive grinding of the teeth or using teeth for cutting or chewing hard objects can also result in damage to the tooth structure.
Common Causes Of Tooth Erosion And Abrasion
Tooth abrasion is attributed to mechanical forces from external elements which tend to result in tooth damage. If the damage begins at the cementoenamel junction, the damage is rapid and irreparable. The enamel is a thin coating on the tooth and destruction of the enamel result in damaging of the inner softer dentin layer and cementum structures.
Tooth abrasion most often affects the canines and the premolars. The damage to the tooth structure can give a typical V shaped appearance which is often caused due to excessive pressure caused during brushing of the teeth.
Some of the common causes associated with the abrasion of the tooth structures include,
- Application of excessive pressure while brushing the tooth.
- Use of substandard tooth paste containing high level of chemicals can cause damage to the tooth enamel which in turn can result in further tooth damage.
- Use of teeth to cut hard objects or break hard nuts can also cause chipping of the teeth and result in tooth damage.
- Use of toothpicks, floss or even dental appliances can result in tooth damage and abrasion.
Natural Remedies For Dental Abrasion
Here are some simple tips that can help in the effective management of tooth abrasion and also limit the tooth loss associated with abrasion,
- Modify your dental practices. Avoid brushing your teeth too hard. Alternatively use a brush with a soft bristle which can prevent the further progression of damage. Change your tooth paste.
- Using tooth powder and brushing your teeth with fingers can be beneficial. This prevents the excessive mechanical force on the teeth.
- Dental fillings or use of composite ionomers can help in filling up the cavities and prevent further tooth loss. Check with your dentist if root canal surgery is required in case the pulp of the tooth is affected.
- Increase your intake of calcium supplements. Alternatively increase the intake of green leafy vegetables, eggs, meat, low fat dairy products, etc. These are great sources of dietary calcium and can improve the strength of the teeth and prevent tooth damage.
- Increase the intake of supplements comprising of magnesium and calcium, as magnesium improves the absorption of calcium by the body.
Tooth abrasion is often irreversible; however you can halt the progression tooth damage by changing your dental practices and also increasing the intake of minerals like calcium and magnesium.