Small Fiber Neuropathy Causes And Symptoms: Treatment For Neuropathy

Small fiber neuropathy is a condition which is characterized by damage to the nerve fibers supplying to the peripheral system. These nerves are located just below the skin and are responsible for various sensations including pain, temperature, touch, etc. Damage to these nerves is associated with loss of sensory functions of touch.

The condition is also referred to as autonomic neuropathy which is observed commonly among individuals with diabetes, autoimmune disorders and infections. This condition affects two types of fibers namely unmyelinated C fibers and myelinated A delta fibers. The condition is treatable and can be managed effectively with correct diet and home therapy.

Causes Of Small Fiber Neuropathy

There are a wide range of causes that are responsible for small fiber neuropathy. Some of the common causes associated with the condition include,

  • Virus included hepatitis C virus and Human immunodeficiency virus.
  • Individuals suffering from diabetes can also develop small fiber neuropathy.
  • Individuals with celiac disease tend to suffer from Vitamin B12 deficiency which is another common cause of small fiber neuropathy.
  • Hereditary factors and autoimmune disorders are also responsible for the condition.
  • Other causes include neurotoxic drugs and restless leg syndrome.

Small Fiber Neuropathy Symptoms

The most commonly observed symptoms along with small fiber neuropathy include sensory and autonomic symptoms,

  • Alteration in the sensation of touch.
    This may be associated with numbness in certain parts of the body with tingling and pain. On the other extreme it may be associated with elevated sensation of touch and pain. Though these sensory changes can occur in any part of the body, it is more often observed on the abdomen, arms and face.
  • The symptoms are worse at night.
  • The other symptoms may be associated with autonomic nerve damage which include bladder incontinence and constipation.
  • Dryness in the mouth, reduced sweating, dry eyes etc are some other symptoms.
  • Some individuals may suffer from symptoms of dizziness and loss of orientation.

Treatment For Small Fiber Neuropathy

Dietary changes can help significantly in the management of small fiber neuropathy. There are certain herbs and home remedies that can be effective in the management of the underlying cause responsible for small fiber neuropathy,

  • Since diabetes is considered as a prime factor responsible for the condition, dietary regulation and elimination of sugars and fats from the diet is crucial.
  • Cinnamon helps control blood sugar levels. One teaspoon of cinnamon each day can help regulate blood sugar levels.
  • Include dairy products in your diet. Low fat dairy products like low fat milk, low fat cheese and butter, etc are good sources of Vitamin B12. Including eggs, fish and lean meat also provide Vitamin B12 to the diet.
  • A gluten free diet is recommended. Increase the intake of beans and whole grains. Fresh fruits and vegetables supply essential nutrients to the body and should be integral part of the diet.