Causes of Nasal Congestion
Common cold is most common acute respiratory illness causing nasal congestion affecting the human body. It is also called acute coryza. It occurs at all ages and both sexes are equally affected. Causative organisms are usually viruses
- Rhinovirus in adults and corona virus in infants and young children, is the common cause of nasal congestion. These viruses belong to picornaviridae family.
- Influenza virus or adenovirus may also cause nasal congestion.
- Secondary infection by bacteria like streptococcus haemolyticus, pneumococcus and staphylococcus and haemophilus influenza may also occur.
- The disease spreads through droplet infection and is highly contagious.
- Recently through studies, self-inoculation with rhino-virus contaminated fingers, has been highlighted.
Prevent Nasal Congestion
- Contact with infected person is to be avoided. Personal hygiene is very important.
- Vaccines are not known to be very effective.
- Eat fresh fruits and vegetables which contain lots of vitamin C as it helps increase immunity to fight against viruses.
Nasal Congestion Natural Remedies
- Decongestant drops reduce nasal symptoms. This can be prepared by adding one teaspoon of salt to a liter of water and stirred well till salt gets diluted. This can be used a nasal decongestant drops (2 to 4 drops in each nostril). You can use it as many times you want as they are they do not cause any harm.
- Steam inhalation is comforting. Tincture benzoin or menthol may be added to water if desired.
- Pepper and Tamarind is considered as excellent home remedy for reducing nasal congestion. To about 500ml of water add 100 mg of tamarind and boil this tamarind water for few minutes with two teaspoons of clarified butter and one teaspoon of black pepper powder. This preparation can flush out the congestion. This should be taken four times in a day.
- Bitter gourd roots are also beneficial in this condition. Take bitter gourd roots and make it into paste form by grinding. Mix equal amount of honey and basil leaf juice. This should be taken every night for a month. This also helps reduce the tendency for recurrent nasal congestion.