Home Remedies To Reduce Gum Swelling And Pain In Gums

Swollen Gums, Causes and Treatment

Swollen gums, also known as Gingival Swelling, are abnormally enlarged, bulging or protruding gums. The commonly affected part of the gums is the gum shaped like triangles located between adjacent teeth.

Sometimes the gums may significantly swell and hide the teeth altogether. Here are some of the reasons for abnormally swollen gums:

  • Infection by a fungus or virus. This would usually result in an inflammatory response of the body that causes the gums to swell and increase in size.
  • Gingivitis, also known as inflammation of the gums, basically results in swelling of the gums.
  • Poorly fitted dentures could also irritation in the gums causing it to swell.
  • Scurvy or vitamin C deficiency could also be a reason for the swelling in your gums. Swelling of the gums is usually the primary sign and symptom of an individual having scurvy.
  • Swollen gums during 1st or 2nd trimester of pregnancy: Physiological changes in a woman bearing a child could sometimes lead to swelling of the gums. This happens due to the decrease of calcium and hormonal imbalance of the woman during pregnancy.

How to Prevent Gum Swelling

Swollen gums are distressing and can adversely impact your lifestyle.

You cannot move around, eat, talk and laugh freely. Your face would end up looking engorged. Here are a few preventive measures you can take to keep you gums clean and healthy:

  • Observe proper oral hygiene. Brush your teeth three times a day. Floss and gargle with a mouthwash.
  • Eat healthy and nutritious foods.
  • Avoid causing irritation to your gums. They are highly sensitive, so take good care of your oral cavity.
  • When fixing new dentures, make sure that they fit comfortably and snugly.
  • If there are signs of infection or tooth decay, promptly consult your dentist and treat the underlying condition.
  • Have a regular dental checkup.

Home Remedies and Treatment for Swollen Gum

Gum swelling is irritating, painful and a complete nuisance. There are a few home remedies you can try to treat the condition:

  • Make a paste of salt and ginger. Rub the paste on the affected areas of your gums. Gargle with room temperature water in about 20 minutes.
  • Gargle with glassful of warm water and lemon juice. Do this at least twice a day.
  • For immediate (but temporary) relief from the painful swelling of the gums, take some warm salt water and swirl it around your buccal cavity.


  1. shaista said:

    I am suffering from gum problem for the last two months ago. My gums are swollen and is causing a lot of discomfort and pain while eating. I have fever sometimes and also loss of appetite. Are there are any cures you can suggest to treat my swollen gums?

    September 5, 2009
  2. A B M said:

    I am a senior citizen and have gum pain for almost two years, even in the area where there are no teeth. Doctors have said that I have Dental neurological problem. I did take a course of Paragab but the results are not satisfactory. The problem is irritating and hurts while talking or munching food. The available teeth are strong. Apparently no swelling of gums. Suggest some home remedy to treat my painful gums.

    January 28, 2010
  3. A R said:

    I am suffering from bleeding gums since the last 1 year. I have visited 3 dentists and all of them advised me to get teeth scaling done. I did it about 4 months ago. After scaling, my teeth have become very weak and now my gums are always bleeding. My gums have also swollen. I need some home remedies to cure swollen and bleeding gums.

    June 9, 2010
  4. MA said:

    Can a virus cause swelling of the gums overnight?

    July 8, 2010
  5. MA said:

    Can heat, stress, bacteria or virus exposure cause gum hives? I can feel the swollen portion of gums, but there is no itching.

    July 9, 2010
  6. A N said:

    My right bottom gum has swollen and pains when I try to eat or drink. A piece of popcorn was stuck between my teeth. It has been about 3 days and I have tried flossing and brushing. I am losing my appetite because it pains when I eat. It’s infecting my glands now as well. My gums now appear swollen.

    November 9, 2010
  7. K R said:

    I’m entering my 2nd trimester tomorrow and know that swollen gums are a problem during pregnancy. I woke up this morning with my gum swollen in the area where my wisdom tooth was years ago. There’s no clear reason why it’s swollen but I need some kind of home remedy to take the pain away. I can’t eat because of this pain and my baby is the one suffering from me not eating.

    January 4, 2011
  8. ZG said:

    I have lost a filling in the teeth and the swelling is extremely sore. The gums hurt even when I am not eating. I also have fever and get headaches sometimes.

    February 20, 2011
  9. sfaith said:

    Oil of Oregano tastes and smells bad but works like a charm every time. Add a drop on your finger and massage your gums as well as the surrounding teeth. Do this at least 4 times a day and after you eat. Hold the oil in your mouth for as long as you can stand it. Munch on a soft piece of bread to get rid of the taste. Generally takes me 3 days for all the infection to rise to the surface in a puss-filled ball. Once it erupts, put 3 drops of oil on gauze and place it over to sop up the infection.

    February 5, 2012
  10. SM said:

    Since 1997 I have gum swelling in upper right tooth and I have spent thousands of dollars on dentists and surgeons they can not cure it. Still I am having sever pain my tooth and my gum around it. It is causing pain in the right side of my face and head and looks like an insect bite. Please suggest me some remedy.

    March 15, 2012
  11. DR said:

    I had a mild coronary artery attack. Now my gums are swollen and bleeding may be due to heparin injection. Can you suggest any remedy?

    October 20, 2012
    • PUP said:

      At this stage you need to follow the advice given by your treating doctor. You can consult your doctor for this problem. He may substitute some other relevant medicine.

      October 20, 2012
  12. Jam said:

    Since two weeks I am suffering from gum swelling. I am already taking pain killer to lessen the pain. But after an hour, it again hurts. I have already visited my dentist; he has given me another medicine. What shall I do?

    November 14, 2012
    • PUP said:

      • Use a decoction made from bark of Acacia Arabica for gargling. It reduces swelling of gum and relieves pain.
      • Gargling with lemon juice is also beneficial for reducing gum swelling.
      • Mix castor seed oil with camphor till it forms consistent paste. Apply the prepared paste on the gum twice in a day.

      November 14, 2012
  13. KB said:

    One side of my gums has swollen. It is extremely painful. Usually I eat on that side of my mouth. It has become worse since one week. I do have braces, but I do not find them to be the reason for swelling. However, the swelling is now irritating the braces. Is there any way to reduce swelling for couple of weeks until my next appointment with the orthodontist?

    November 14, 2012
    • PUP said:

      Salt water gargling is beneficial as it has slight antibacterial as well as anti-inflammatory properties. Mix a teaspoon of lemon juice in a glass of warm water. Gargling with this water two to three times in a day is beneficial in reducing pain and swelling of gums.

      November 16, 2012
  14. AKS said:

    Is potassium permanganate gargling helpful to cure gum disease?

    August 12, 2017
    • PUP said:

      Gum disease and swelling is common. It can develop due to several reasons but dental plaque is considered to be the main etiology. It is an adhesive bacterial coating that may accumulate between the teeth and near the gumline. Potassium permanganate is effective antimicrobial agent. Its use as a mouthwash and gargle is well known since olden days. Freshly prepared potassium permanganate solution is used for gargles and mouthwash. The solution must be spitted out immediately after gargling. The preferable use is for adults. Nowadays its use is less because of more effective and safer mouthwashes that contain chlorhexidine.

      August 27, 2018

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