What are the Causes of Loose motions in Children?
Loose motions or diarrhea in acute cases may be caused by a wide spectrum of organisms including vibrio-cholerae, E. coli, shigella, salmonella and in younger children Rota-virus is a common cause of diarrhea.
During loose motions a child may lose almost as much as water and electrolytes from the body as an adult. Child is usually irritable, thirsty and may have fever or vomiting as an accompanying symptom.
Other causes of chronic diarrhea in children include inflammatory bowel disease, cow’s milk allergy, celiac disease or mal-absorption of carbohydrates.
How to Prevent Loose Motion or Diarrhea?
- Avoid eating outside food and stale food.
- Drinking water should be thoroughly boiled and purified before use.
- Vegetables should be washed thoroughly before cooking them.
- Simple sanitary preventive measures like washing hands with soap after visiting the toilet is very helpful.
- If the child is on breast milk feeding do not stop feeding, as breast milk offers protection from diarrheal illness.
- In non breast fed children taking cow’s milk, milk should be diluted with equal volume of water to reduce lactose load and fed along with ORS, till loose motions subside.
- In older children, a well cooked porridge or gruel of rice is well tolerated and bananas are also good.
- Fruit juices and cold drinks with high sugar content should be avoided during diarrhea.
- Replenishing the lost water and electrolyte with ORS is absolutely necessary in cases of loose motions.
Home Remedies for Loose Motion or Diarrhea
- Peel off pomegranate, dry the covering and powder it. This can be taken one teaspoon twice or thrice a day depending upon the severity of loose motions. It helps reduce the frequency of loose motions and also improves appetite.
- Goat’s milk boiled with equal quantity of water taken 10 to 20ml in divided doses relieves diarrhea.
- In children’s diarrhea, the buds of pomegranate are to be given with goat’s milk.