Scrotum is a sac like structure in which the male testicles are placed and is located in the groin region. The scrotal sac plays a crucial role in the production of sperms by the testicles as it expands and shrinks depending upon the level of heat in the region. Lump or swelling of the scrotal sac is attributed to several causes.
There are several factors that are responsible for lump or swelling of the scrotal sac. The type of the lump is often indicative of the underlying cause of the mass. These factors may range from localized swelling, which is one of the most common causes, to testicular cancer, which is relatively less common.
What Causes Lump In Scrotum?
There are several causes associated with lump or swelling in the scrotal region. Often the most common causes are: injury or a trauma to the testicles. The other common causes associated with swelling in the scrotum include,
- Varicocele: A varicocele refers to enlargement of the vein that supply to the spermatic cord. Frequently, damage to the valves of the veins results in swelling and enlargement of the veins.
- Hydrocele: This condition which is characterized by an accumulation of fluid in the scrotum.
- Hematocele: Accumulation of blood, especially following a trauma or an injury to the scrotum can result in a lump in the scrotum.
- Inguinal Hernia: The herniation of the abdominal contents through the inguinal canal into the scrotum can result in a lump in the scrotum. This lump often tends to retract on resting and emerges when there is any increase in the abdominal pressure.
- Infection and inflammation: Infection and inflammation of the epididymis or testicles can also result in lump in the scrotum Infection results in inflammation which is often associated with burning and pain.
- Testicular tumors can also cause lump formation.
Lump In Scrotum Symptoms
The common symptoms associated with lump in the scrotum include,
- Inflammation with redness and swelling around the scrotal region.
- Varying degree of pain depending upon the underlying cause. The pain may be manifested in the form of bruised sensation to severe stitching pain.
- Systemic symptoms include fever, malaise and generalized weakness.
- Sensation of heaviness in the groin is also another symptom.
Swelling In Scrotum Treatment
The treatment of the condition would depend upon the underlying cause. Here are some simple treatment options for the management of scrotal lumps,
- A scrotal support is beneficial, as it reduces pain and discomfort. Scrotal support is often recommended in patients with hernia, hydrocele or accumulation of fluid in the scrotum.
- Avoid straining at stool or while passing urine and don’t lift heavy weights.
- Homeopathic drugs have been found to be very beneficial for this condition.
- Lycopodium is considered beneficial in the management of varicoceles.
- Arnica Montana is beneficial in the management of hematocele and helps in quick absorption of blood from the scrotum.
- Bryonia in general is beneficial especially as it aids in quick absorption of fluid from the scrotal sac and is beneficial in the management of hydroceles.
- Ruta and Rhus Tox combination is considered useful in the management of pain and bruised sensation, often associated with the lump.
- Surgical intervention may be required in case of advanced hernia, hydrocele and testicular cancer.