Retinal Tear Laser Surgery: Photocoagulation Laser Treatment Recovery

Retinal Tear Laser Treatment

Laser surgery for retinal tear is also known as photocoagulation is a surgical process done to address retinal tear.

What is Retinal Tear?

  • It is an emergency situation where retina detaches from the vessels at the back of the eye
  • This causes oxygen deprivation
  • If untreated, it can lead to blindness
  • It can be caused by a lot of things including trauma, diabetes, inflammation, and sagging or shrinking of the vitreous humor
  • It is also known as retinal detachment

How Does Laser Surgery Work?

  • During photocoagulation laser surgery procedure, a laser is shone into the eyes and passes through a specialized contact lens
  • This creates burns around the detached retina
  • The scarring from this procedure essentially welds the detach retina back in place
  • This can be used alone by shining the laser on the wall of the eyes or it can be used together with other procedures such as pneumatic retinopexy and vitrectomy

Photocoagulation Laser Surgery Side Effects

  • Retinal tear surgery recovery time depends on the extent of the tear, but most of the time patients can go home soon after surgery
  • In a majority of the cases, patients will no longer need further operations, others may require 2 or more additional sessions.
  • Vision will gradually restore in the affected eye
  • Regaining complete vision may take weeks
  • A patient’s visual acuity after surgery may be affected and it may no longer be as good as it was pre retinal tear, but if the tear is left untreated, it can lead to complete blindness.

Retinal Tear Treatment Options:

  • Cryoprexy or Freezing – The goal of cryoprexy is the same as photocoagulation in that it leaves a scar that holds the retina in its place
  • Scleral Buckle Surgery
  • Pneumatic Retinopexy
  • Vitrectomy – Involves the removal of the vitreous gel of the eye

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