Tonsils are considered as soldiers that prevent the invading organisms from entering into the body through oral route. The invading organisms are different types of bacteria and viruses. Tonsils are made up of lymphoid tissue and are situated in the posterior aspect of oral cavity. Most of us are aware of palantine tonsils; those huge and enlarged round lymphoid tissue that you often see at the back of oral cavity when you open your mouth.
Lingual tonsil is a part of this lymphoid tissue located at the back and base of tongue.Inflammation of lingual tonsils is called lingual tonsillitis. It can be acute or chronic. Acute lingual tonsillitis is sudden in onset and it is caused by bacteria and virus infection. Sometimes the lingual tonsils become chronically enlarged.
Patient suffering from lingual tonsillitis is unable to eat and drink food and water. He has pain in throat while swallowing. Movement of tongue is painful. There may be change of voice. Other associated symptoms such as malaise, fever, headache and body ache may be present.
Causes Of Inflamed Lingual Tonsils
The main reason for inflammation of lingual tonsils is due to infection caused by bacteria and viruses.Normally tonsils defend the body against several organisms that enter through the mouth and nose. However, sometimes the tonsils themselves become infected and inflamed instead of acting as a defensive tissue. Inflammation of tonsils causes pain and difficulty in swallowing in the throat.
In most cases primary infection of lingual tonsils occurs due to streptococcus, staphylococcus bacteria. It may occur secondarily due to respiratory tract infection predominantly due to virus infection. Haemophilus influenza is also frequently responsible for tonsillitis.
The other predisposing causes are poor dental and oral hygiene, poor nutritional status, and living in congested surrounding. Often chronic lingual tonsillitis is sequel of tonsillectomy. The lingual tonsils become enlarged and inflamed as a compensatory mechanism for the loss of lymphoid tissue of palantine tonsils. The other reason is chronic low grade infection.
Home Remedies For Lingual Tonsillitis
There are several home remedies that may help to get quick relief from lingual tonsillitis.
- One of the most effective home measure to alleviate pain and soreness in throat caused due to lingual tonsillitis is salt water gargling. Mix one teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water. Salt has mild antibacterial properties. It helps to fight the germs responsible for infection and inflammation of tonsils. Gargle at least four to five times in a day.
- Consume paste prepared by mixing turmeric powder and one teaspoon of honey. Turmeric contains natural chemicals to reduce inflammation. Honey is a natural antibacterial agent. Consuming honey is soothing to the throat. It also alleviates irritation in the throat.
- Eat citrus fruits and fresh juice prepared from them. Fruits contain vitamin C which is essential in boosting immunity. A healthy immune system responds well to any infective organism and reduces the recurrence.
- Avoid drinking aerated cold drinks and cold water. It increases the risk of respiratory infection which may trigger tonsillitis. If you are suffering from influenza and blocked nose, inhale steam to open up the blocked nose.
- Avoid smoking and alcohol as both can directly affect the healthy immune system. Besides smoking may also become a cause for upper respiratory infection.
- Eat nutritious diet and maintain regular oral hygiene, because both are also responsible for lingual tonsillitis.
- Avoid too much of fried food and sugary food.