The maxillary sinus is located on either side of the face just behind the cheekbones. These sinuses play an important role in drainage of the nasal discharges. Occasionally, cystic growths comprising of small pocket like structures filled in air, semi-solid or liquid material, obstruct the passage of nasal discharges through the sinus and are associated with pain and nasal congestion.
Maxillary sinus cysts can be managed effectively using simple home remedies, since in most cases, maxillary sinus cysts are benign in nature.
Symptoms Of Maxillary Sinus Cyst
The maxillary sinus cysts can be classified into two basic groups, based on the pathology of their formation,
- Mucus Retention Cysts: These maxillary sinus cysts are the most common types of cysts which are present in almost one in ten people. These are caused due to blockage of the mucus glands located within the sinus, which in turn may result in formation of cysts.
- Mucoceles: Another form of maxillary sinus cysts, there are relatively larger in size and associated with blocked ostium (or the main outlet for the maxillary sinus). This is associated with more severe pain compared to the mucus retention cysts.
The common symptoms associated with maxillary sinus cysts include the following,
- The most common symptom is severe headache associated with facial pain, just above the tooth or below the eyes. This is often due to the obstruction of the maxillary sinus and increase pressure in the sinus.
- In cases of chronic obstruction, there is an increased risk of secondary infection which in turn is associated with other symptoms like fever, malaise and generalized weakness and loss of appetite.
Maxillary Sinus Mucous Retention Cyst Treatment
Some of the simple treatment options for the effective management of maxillary sinus cyst include,
- Nasal Irrigation: Nasal irrigation is considered to be beneficial in the management of almost all types of sinus ailments. Take a cup of water and add a few a teaspoon of sodium bicarbonate to it. Now using a plastic syringe, inject the solution into the right nostril, so as to allow them to pass through the nasal passages and then come out through the left nostril. Ensure that the water is lukewarm. Repeated the same with the other nostril.
- Steam Inhalation is also considered beneficial. The vapors of the steam help in decongestion of the maxillary sinus and provide instant relief in cases of sinus infection or obstruction. Further it improves the circulation of blood, which in turn hastens thinning and expulsion of the mucus from the sinus
- Garlic tea is considered very beneficial. Garlic has strong anti bacterial and anti microbial properties which makes it very useful in the management of sinus infections. Drink a tea comprising of a couple of crushed cloves of garlic about twice a day. Alternatively inhaling the steam of boiling water containing a few cloves of garlic can also provide relief.
- Apple cider vinegar is also as beneficial in the management of sinus infection as garlic. It can be used along with steam inhalation or a few drops can be added to the water used to nasal irrigation. Diluted vinegar can also be consumed internally.