The measurement of heart rates is one of the most basic vital signs which is often used by medical professionals to diagnose an underlying ailment. Though the heart rate may vary depending upon the age, level of activity or gender of the individual, its normal range is often used for evaluation.
Resting heart rate varies significantly by age and gender of an individual. The resting heart rate is high during early childhood, which is physiological and also increases during the later part of life, which is often due to underlying pathological disorder.
Normal Resting Heart Rate
Heart rate refers to the number of time the left ventricle contracts to push blood through the aorta into the body’s circulatory system. Heart rate is calculated on per minute basis and normally ranges between 60 to 80 beats per minute.
Resting heart rate refers to the heart rate of an individual while at complete rest. Often when the heart rate is above 100 beats per minute is it referred to as tachycardia while when the heart rate is below 60 beats per minute it is referred to as bradycardia.
It should be noted that conditioned athlete tend to have a resting heart rate of below 60 beats per minute. Individuals suffering from fever or some form of cardiac disorder often exhibit tachycardia, with a heart beat rate of above 100 beats a minute even at rest.
Healthy Resting Heart Rate For Children And Adults
The resting heart rate in infants up to the age of twelve months is relatively higher compared to adults and is in the range of 100-160. For children between the age of one year to ten years, the resting heart rate may range between 60 to 140 beats per minute.
The higher heart rate in children is attributed to their age, level of activity and the fact that the body is growing and developing. The demand for oxygen at this young age is fairly higher and the heart rate of above 100 beats per minute should not be considered pathological.
Resting heart rate in women
Resting heart rate in women ranges between 50 to 100 beats per minute and is affected by a host of factors. The weight of a female plays a crucial role.
An obese female tends to have a higher heart rate compared to a slim female of the same age. This is attributed to the fact that the blood needs to cover more distance to reach the most distant cell, which in turn increases the demand for oxygen and further increase heart rate.
As per the American Heart Association, the resting heart rate in women, when compare to men in the same category and age group is slightly higher.
Resting heart rate in men
As per the Mayo Clinic resting heart rate in men is similar to females; however the normal resting heart rate in men is relatively lower compared to female.
Factors like stress, emotions and medications then to directly influence the resting heart rate in men which in turn tends to increase with increasing age