Myocardial infarction, also referred to as heart attack, is caused due to the death of cardiac muscles, due to blockage of the coronary artery. Blockage of coronary artery triggers reduced oxygen and nutrient supply to the muscles of the heart, which in turn causes damage to the heart muscles. The treatment focuses on reinstating the blood supply to the heart to alleviate the symptoms of myocardial infarction.
Estimates suggest that approximately one million Americans suffer from a myocardial infarction each year in the United States. About forty percent of individuals die as a result of myocardial infarction.
Myocardial infarction is increasing in frequency among women as well, who were conventionally believed to be protected against myocardial infarction due to the hormones estrogen and progesterone.
What Are The Causes Of Myocardial Infarction?
The most important causative factor for the development of myocardial infarction includes atherosclerosis, which is a gradual process of formation of plaques or deposits along the walls of the arteries which resulted in narrowing and subsequent blockage of the lumen of the artery. A narrow lumen reduces the supply of blood to the distant parts of the heart, which in turn results in ischemia and muscle tissue death.
Reports have suggested that individuals suffering from hypertension and diabetes mellitus are also at a higher risk of developing atherosclerosis, which in turn can result in heart attack.
Smoking, excessive consumption of alcohol, dietary irregularities with increase intake of oily and fatty foods and lack of physical activity are all factors that are associated with increased risk of atherosclerosis and subsequently act as important predisposing factors for development of myocardial infarction.
Myocardial Infarction Symptoms
Chest pain is the most important symptom of myocardial infarction; however there are a host of other symptoms which can be associated with myocardial infarction,
- A typical sensation of heaviness and fullness along with a squeezing sensation in the chest.
- Occasionally the pain may radiate to the jaw or the left arm.
- Excessive sweating is observed in cases of myocardial infarction.
- Shortness of breath coupled with nausea and vomiting may also be observed.
- Some people may complain of heartburn along with indigestion.
- General malaise and weakness may also be experienced in some patients.
Conventionally, it is believed that women are at a lower risk of developing myocardial infarction primarily during the reproductive age. However after menopause the risk of developing myocardial infarction equals the risk in mean.
The causative factors and the symptoms manifested are the same in women as in men.
Treatment Options For Myocardial Infarction
Myocardial infarction is a life threatening condition and the treatment regimen aims at restoring the blood circulation to the heart muscles by opening up the arteries. Surgical treatment includes coronary angioplasty which involves passing a tube through the coronary arteries to break the plaques and restore blood circulation and coronary artery bypass surgery, which involves using a bypass to allow blood flow to the heart muscles.
Reducing intake of fatty and oily foods, moderate exercise, and dietary restrictions are important for the prevention of subsequent myocardial infarction. Medications are provided which act as blood thinners and prevent plaque formation.
Homeopathic drugs like Arum Met are used with high degree of efficacy in the management of myocardial infarction, as they help relieve pain by restoring normal blood flow to the heart. The action of Arum Met is by causing natural dilatation of the arteries which in turn increases the inner diameter of the arterial lumen.