Low Diastolic Blood Pressure Causes: Hypotension Symptoms, Treatment

Blood pressure is an important indication of one’s general health and well-being. There are two components of the blood pressure, the systolic pressure and the diastolic pressure. A healthy person would have the blood pressure of 120/80, 120 being the systolic component and 80 being the diastolic component. Low diastolic blood pressure is a cause for alarm as it indicates that the person is not well; the diastolic blood pressure is too low that it is beyond the acceptable range.

Causes Of Low Diastolic Blood Pressure

Hypotension, or low blood pressure, may be caused by several factors:

  • Being dehydrated
  • Losing significant amount of blood
  • Having a severe infection
  • Being deficient in nutrients
  • Suffering from anaphylaxis
  • Having slow heart rate
  • Having heart failure
  • Having pulmonary embolism

It must be noted though, it is normal for geriatrics to experience low blood pressure as the aorta stiffens in old age and the pressure is not as forceful in the past.

Symptoms Of Low Blood Pressure

A sudden, steep decline of the diastolic blood pressure is especially alarming. The following symptoms manifest in the patient:

  • Dizzy spells
  • Nausea
  • Blurred vision
  • Extreme Thirst
  • Pale, clammy skin
  • Rapid breathing
  • Loss of consciousness

Treatment For Hypotension

To treat low diastolic blood pressure, one must first determine the particular factor that lowers the pressure. It is normal for people to exhibit slight drops in the diastolic blood pressure sometimes, but if the drop is consistent and persistent, the patient must consult a doctor immediately, as this phenomenon may cause medical problems in the long run.

Low diastolic blood pressure is closely linked to cardiovascular diseases. It also indicates the progressive hardening of arteries.

It is important to keep track of the patient’s blood pressure in order to determine a pattern.  Keeping a log may be needed, so that proper monitoring of both the systolic and diastolic blood pressures may be done.