High pulse rate is also called tachycardia in medical terms. It is a prerequisite in clinical practice to measure pulse rate of every patient whether indoor or outpatient. Pulse rate gives many basic indications of health related problems.
Normal And Fast Pulse Rate
Pulse rate is defined as the rate at which your heart beats per minute. Generally pulse rate of 80/min is considered to be normal for a person subjective to his fitness, and resting heart rate is the rate at which your heart beats at rest.
Pulse rate more than 100 beats per minute is considered as abnormal.It can be due to physiological conditions or organic disease, which we will elaborate below in detail.
High Resting Pulse Rate Causes
Physiological causes of high pulse rate at rest:
- Stress and tension
- Physical strain.
- Gender (women have high pulse rate at rest).
- Drinking excessive tea and coffee.
Causes Of High Pulse Rate At Rest
Organic causes of high pulse rate at rest:
- High blood pressure of a long duration.
- Valvular diseases of heart. E.g. Aortic stenosis, mitral valve collapse etc.
- Myocadiac anomaly, like inflammation of heart muscles.
- Inflammation of outer covering of heart called pericardium.
- Arterial blockages of heart.
- Thyroid disorder.
- Lung disease such as pneumonia, embolism.
- Drugs and blood pressure medicine.
Beside all the above organic causes, high pulse rate at night can be experienced when a person is under stress or anxiety.
Treatment For High Pulse Rate
If a person experiences high pulse rate at rest, he should consider it to be a medical problem and check it with his medical care taker to rule out organic reasons.
Clinical investigations like ECG, blood for cholesterol and 2-D Echo may be advised by a physician for a person having high pulse rate at rest.