Heart attack or myocardial infarction is one of the major causes of death all over the world. With increasing stress and strain, change in lifestyle and food habits, there has been a major shift in disease pattern. With invention of modern medicine and immunization, deaths from infectious and contagious disease have decreased. Modern day disease such as heart attack and cancer has taken its place.
Atypical Heart Attack Pain
When you discuss heart attack, the first symptoms that flashes in your mind are chest pain, dizziness and pain in left arm. These are typical heart attack symptoms and patient as well as physician hardly makes a mistake in detecting these symptoms.
However there are occasions when the patient does not realize and recognize typical chest pain and other heart attack symptoms or the symptoms are too vague; these are atypical heart attack symptoms. One of the major causes of heart attack death is failure to recognize its atypical symptoms.
The other term used for atypical heart attack symptoms is silent heart attack. The risk of heart attack increases significantly in men older than 45 and women over 55. Before menopause, few women suffer from heart disease. But after the age of 50, women begin to develop the disorder at a fast rate, and after 65 years the ratio is equal in both genders.
Symptoms Of Atypical Heart Attack
Heart attack is by far the major cause of death among women after menopause. It has been observed that more women die due to atypical symptoms of heart attack then men. This is because atypical heart attack symptoms are very confusing and many times women consider it as sign of indigestion rather than heart attack.
Thus the early hour of detection which is said to be golden hour is missed resulting into a catastrophic event. In view of the above fact it is important to be aware of atypical heart attack symptoms or silent heart attack symptoms.
People who are more prone to develop these types of symptoms are those suffering from diabetes, hypertension, family history of heart attack and smokers.
- Stomach bloating
- Dizziness and headache
- Shortness of breath
- Difficulty in sleep
- Tingling in arms and shoulders.
- Burning sensation in the epi-gastric region preceding the heart attack.
- Pressure in the chest as if some heavy object has been kept on the chest.
- Pain between the shoulder blades.
- Jaw pain.
- Experiencing fatigue days before the actual attack.
Diagnosis And Preventing A Heart Attack
Once the patient is diagnosed atypical heart pain he should undergo complete physical investigation. Electrocardiogram and stress test are primary tests to screen coronary artery disease. Exercise stress test is an ideal method of evaluation as compared to ECG. There is 70 to 80 percent accuracy seen in this test. However the ultimate of the entire tests is angiography to rule out coronary artery disease.
Exercise and proper diet are useful in preventing heart attack. If you a habit of smoking, you have to stop it immediately. Lose weight if you are overweight. Regular heart related checkups, are essential if you are diabetic or suffering from high blood pressure or if you have high cholesterol. Avoid over exertion both physical and mental if you are detected of suffering from coronary artery disease.