Yellow jacket is one of the most commonly found wasps across the globe. With over 25,000 different species of wasps, the yellow jacket is considered to be one of the most dangerous wasps. The yellow jacket is found in temperate climates and live in colonies. The yellow jacket is so called due to the black and yellow stripes on the abdomen.
Wasp stings are one the most common causes of medical problem across the globe. Yellow Jacket sting is associated with serious medical implications and can be potentially lethal. Available data suggests that annually approximately 40 deaths reported in the United States are attributed to bee stings, with yellow jacket sting being the most common.
Normally, a wasp would sting an individual when there is a perceived threat to him or the colony. Other factors that may trigger a sting include loud noises or bright colors or strong perfumes. Though most wasps sting on some kind of provocation, a yellow jacket wasp is known to sting even without provocation.
A yellow jacket stings, using its stinger which is smooth, allows it to be easily withdrawn from the victim’s skin. A yellow jacket, unlike a honey bee can sting multiple times. The sting contains toxins and chemicals, which trigger a natural immune response in the individual, which can range from localized inflammation to an anaphylactic shock.
Symptoms Of Yellow Jacket Sting
A yellow jacket sting can produce four different sets of reactions which are characterized by the following symptoms,
- Localized reaction: This reaction occurs at the site of the sting. The features include heat, redness, pain and edema at the site of the sting. Itching is also present. These set of symptoms appear immediately after the sting and may last for a few hours. In certain individuals localized reaction may be associated with systemic reaction.
- Systemic Reaction: This comprises of body wide reaction caused due to the production of Ig E antibodies following the sting. Though systemic allergic symptoms are less frequently observed, estimates suggest that about 3 % of individual stung by the yellow jacket can manifest these symptoms. The symptoms include breathing difficulty, flushing and hives all over the skin and nausea and vomiting. In severe cases, anaphylactic shock may also be observed.
- In addition to the systemic reaction, a yellow jacket sting is also associated with toxic reaction which comprises of symptoms like diarrhea, headache, fainting, dizziness and fever. Rash on the skin and respiratory disturbances are also observed.
- In some individuals with low immunity levels and chronic ailments, a delayed response may also be observed. This can comprise of symptoms like nephritis, vasculitis, encephalitis, neuritis, etc. These symptoms may take about a week or ten days to manifest and are often lethal.
Homeopathic And Natural Remedies For Yellow Jacket Sting
Home remedies and homeopathy are found to be beneficial in the management of systemic and localized symptoms.
- Local application of raw honey mixed with one teaspoon of turmeric is considered beneficial. Honey soothes the skin, while turmeric has a natural anti-microbial and protects the skin from secondary infection. The mixture hastens healing and reduces the signs of inflammation.
- Homeopathic drug Apis Mel is considered to be very beneficial in reducing the burning and pain at the site of the sting and also controls the systemic symptoms like hives and gastrointestinal symptoms. Apis is recommended to be taken in low potency about four times a day.