Causes Of Benign Stomach Tumors: Its Symptoms And Treatment

Human stomach is a J shaped organ which is attached to esophagus on its upper side and distally with duodenum (first part of small intestine). Benign stomach tumors are non cancerous growths in stomach. They do not metastasize or infiltrate in nearby tissues. In majority of cases these tumors are not life threatening.

Some benign tumors develop from the mucosal lining while some may arise from deeper layers of stomach tissue. Stomach polyps are common benign tumors besides many other non cancerous growths found in stomach.

Usually gastric benign tumors are asymptomatic. They are unlikely to cause any problem.

Occasionally some of them may bleed or ulcerate or cause gastric obstruction. Although benign stomach tumors are harmless they have to be removed surgically as some of them may tend to become cancerous later on.

What Causes Benign Tumor In Stomach?

The exact cause of benign gastric tumor is not known. Tumor is an abnormal growth of cells. Normally the cells of any tissue or organ grow at a predetermined rate according to its genetic essay to accomplish its function. However, in benign tumor there is excess growth of cells. The cells of benign growth are same as that of the tissue from which they arise.

Benign tumor does not spread to other tissues and organs.

There are number of factors suspected to play a role in its development. Chronic irritation and inflammation of the lining or stomach is one of the main reasons for benign tumor in stomach. Inflammation of stomach is also known as gastritis.

  • One of the causes of repeated gastritis is H. pylori infection. H. pylori is bacteria that may damage the lining of stomach.
  • Gastritis caused due to exposure to radiation.
  • Most of the non cancerous stomach tumors are stomach polyps. They are uncommon, but when present project out from the mucosal lining of stomach in the hollow of stomach.
    Genetic involvement is suspected to the cause.
  • Benign growth in stomach is also seen in people taking proton pump inhibitors for a long term.

Signs And Symptoms Of Stomach Tumors

Most benign tumors of stomach are asymptomatic. It means they do not produce any symptoms. This condition is often discovered during a diagnostic procedure for some other cause. Large tumors can constantly get irritated and rubbed which may cause ulceration. They often start bleeding.

Here are some of the clinical features of non cancerous growth of stomach:

  • Pain in upper abdomen.
  • Ulcerated tumor may bleed. However, bleeding is very less and it may not be detected in vomit or stool.
  • Anemia is common due to prolonged bleeding from the ulcerated tumor.
  • A large tumor may cause nausea and vomiting. It is usually worse after eating food.
  • Patient always feels bloated feeling in stomach.
  • Person feels his stomach is full even after eating small amount of food.
  • Some patients may lose their weight due to insufficient intake of food.
  • A large tumor may be felt as a lump in abdomen.

Treatment For Benign Stomach Tumors

Benign tumors of stomach are rare, but they indeed are worrisome cause because of the risk of turning to malignant tumor. Surgical removal of the tumor is the most standard treatment of benign stomach tumor. Usually the growth is removed with endoscopic surgery. A small tube called endoscope is passed into the stomach through mouth and the tumor is excised.

But before the surgery, certain medications are often given to the patient. For example antibiotic therapy is given to the patient suffering from H. pylori infection. It is needed to reduce the risk of recurrence. A large tumor of stomach may need open surgery to remove it.