The spleen, compared to the body’s other vital organs, is very small making it seem insignificant. However, the spleen holds an important function even though it doesn’t usually come up. Spleens can be damaged due to many reasons and when they do, the symptoms experienced by the patients can be painful and uncomfortable.
Bruised Spleen Symptoms
- The spleen is responsible for preventing infections in the human body and is a part of the body’s immune system.
- At birth, the spleen is responsible for producing blood cells.
- In adults, the spleen is responsible for producing antibodies and getting rid of old red blood cells to make room for new ones.
- The spleen can be damaged due to trauma caused by an accident, fall, fights, or sports injuries.
- When damaged or bruised, the person will experience the following symptoms:
- Abdominal tenderness
- Abdominal pain
- Localized back pain or swelling
- Hypotension or decreased blood pressure
- Pale skin
- Increased heart rate
Bruised Spleen Recovery Time
- The recover time it takes for the spleen to return to its previously pre-damaged condition varies depending on the extent of bruising or damage.
- Patients with a bruised spleen usually feel the effects for a couple of weeks.
- For patients who need to undergo surgery to address problems with the spleen may take a longer time to recover of approximately 4 to 6 weeks.
Bruised Spleen Diagnosis
- The symptoms of a bruised spleen may be similar to other gastrointestinal or even nephro-related conditions.
- A correct diagnosis is needed in order to perform the appropriate treatment.
- A diagnosis can be made through the following procedures:
- Presenting symptoms
- Physical examination
- Medical history
- Ultrasound or CT scan
- Blood tests that reveal bleeding
Bruised Spleen Treatment
Treatment for a bruised spleen also varies depending on the severity or extent of the condition and the patient’s overall condition. Treatment may include:
- Bed rest
- Intravenous fluids
- Possible blood transfusions
- Administration of pain medications
Surgery is warranted if the patient manifests significant abdominal bleeding or continues to show unexplained blood loss and low blood pressure.
- Surgery to repair a damaged spleen
- Exploratory laparotomy to make sure the spleen is only bruised and not ruptured and to check if other vital organs in the abdomen are affected.
- Splenectomy to remove a severely damaged spleen