Here are some facts about splenic pseudocysts:
- Cysts on the spleen rarely happen. The pseudocysts are cause by trauma, infarction, and sometimes by infections.
- Pseudocysts are hard to distinguish from true cysts, but a close look will show that splenic pseudocysts do not have epithelial linings compared to the true or primary cysts. They have instead dense fibrous tissue as linings.
- Cystic fluids of pseudocysts are colored brown and may contain lymphocytes, blood and other necrotic debris. Presence of bacteria is usually negative.
- Splenic pseudocysts are hard to identify even with the use of sonography or CT scan. It usually requires Laparatomy for proper diagnosis.
- Infections, rupture, and hemorrhage on the pseudocysts can be life threatening.
- Surgical procedure is the best way to remove pseudocysts.
Symptoms Of Splenic Pseudocyst
It is hard to detect the presence of splenic pseudocysts. However if a person have these following symptoms, it is best to seek a medical help right away.
- Chest pain on the left side
- Atypical pain and heaviness on the left hypochondrium (upper abdomen). This is caused by large pseudocysts.
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Difficulty in breathing can be due to pressure by the growing pseudocyst on air passages or on respiratory tract.
- Dyspnea and persistent cough due to pressure on the cardio-respiratory system.
Treatment For Spleen Pseudocysts
Presence of pseudocysts on the spleen can cause so much discomfort. And usually the best treatment for this is through medical procedures. Here are some medical procedures that can reduce or eliminate the presence of splenic pseudocysts:
- Splenectomy: Is one of the most common surgical procedure of removing cysts and pseudocysts off the spleen.
- Percutaneous drainage: Is a medical procedure that can help reduce the size of cysts. Fluid from pseudocysts is drained to reduce its size. However, a high percentage of cyst recurrence is reported from this medical procedure.
- Laparatomy: Is a surgical procedure done by making an incision to gain access on the abdominal wall. This procedure is used to diagnose a person with splenic pseudocysts.