Reducing Elevated Platelet Count: What Causes High Platelet Count

Platelets are produced in the bone marrow and also referred to as thrombocytes. These thrombocytes play a crucial role in blood clotting and preventing excessive loss of blood. However, elevated levels of platelets in the blood are also associated with a wide range of systemic problems and need to be addressed immediately

Excessive levels of platelets in the blood may result in excessive formation of clots in the blood. These blood clots may get logged into the circulatory system which in turn may hamper the normal blood flow through the body. This condition needs to be treated spontaneously or may result in severe complications like myocardial infarctions or strokes.

What Are The Causes Of High Platelet Count?

There are several factors that are responsible for elevated levels of platelets in the blood. Some of the common conditions include,

  • Essential Thromobocythemia: A condition characterized by overproduction of megakaryocytes, the processors of thrombocytes is associated with elevated levels of platelets. This may result in increased risk of formation of blood clots and also results in excessive bleeding and bruising. Individuals with essential thrombocythemia are at a higher risk of developing leukemia or cancer of the bone marrow
  • Polycythemia Vera: A relatively less common condition, this condition is characterized by excessive production of Red blood cells in the bone marrow.
    Often this condition is associated with excessive production of platelets. The other symptoms associated with the condition include chest pain, dizziness, fatigue and breathlessness coupled with headaches and change in skin complexion.
  • Cancer: Cancer of the bone marrow tends to result in abnormal production of the platelets which may be responsible for elevated levels of platelets. The cancer may be primary in nature (i.e. cancer of the bone marrow) or secondary (i.e. metastasis of cancer of the colon, stomach, lung or breast).
  • Iron Deficiency anemia: As per the Mayo’s Clinic, hemolytic anemia is often associated with secondary rise in the levels of platelets. Though the precise mechanism of the interrelationship is not defined as yet, there is substantial evidence to support this claim.

How To Reduce Elevated Platelet Count?

Treatment of the condition depends upon the underlying cause of condition. Effective treatment for cancer is mandated in cases that are associated with cancer. However here are a few diet tips that can help reduce the levels of platelets in the blood,

  • Gluten is considered to increase the levels of platelet in the blood. A gluten free diet is recommended in the management of the condition and also in the treatment of celiac disease. Gluten is a complex protein which is present in wheat. Increase the intake of barley, oats and maize which are free from gluten.
  • Eliminate foods like cabbage, turnips, cucumbers, wheat and rye from your diet
  • Increase the intake of green leafy vegetables, nuts like almonds and apricots, figs and fresh fruits to increase the intake of iron. Iron supplements can also help in the management of iron deficiency anemia, but may be associated with constipation, especially if you suffer from intestinal disorders.


  1. MM said:

    My doctors have told me that my platelets are extremely high.
    I also have emphysema. The doctor said that not getting enough oxygen could cause the platelet level to be high. He has recommended using Spriva Handi-Inhaler daily to increase oxygen levels. What else would you recommend to reduce levels??

    February 9, 2014
    • PUP said:

      It is important to adhere to your physician recommendation. Emphysema cannot be cured but if the contributing factors are eliminated, its rate of progression can be slowed down. If you are smoking, you have to stop it and even avoid air pollution. Consult your doctor for breathing exercise as this may help to increase the oxygen intake. Avoid extremes of temperature. Maintain proper nutrition.

      February 13, 2014
  2. KD said:

    I have undergone surgery for spleen removal. My platelet count is high. I have throbbing burning pain on the right side in the lower portion of my abdomen near the navel. It is painful to touch. I also have lower backache. What is the treatment for my problem?

    April 10, 2014
    • PUP said:

      It is necessary to diagnose the condition first before starting the treatment since there are various causes of pain in right lower abdomen, some of which are serious. One of the probable and serious problems may be appendicitis. It can be colitis, kidney stone, or a radiating pain from pelvis etc. So essential part is to diagnose the problem, for which you have to consult your physician. He may recommend ultra-sonography and other tests as required. With correct diagnosis the treatment becomes easier.

      April 11, 2014
  3. Gitten said:

    I have had a previous abdominal trauma, gunshot wound in the abdomen in 2004 that required surgery to repair my liver. I have had elevated platelets (average slightly over 800k) ever since. I recently had intermittent and intense pain in my upper left abdomen and ribs to the point of considering going to the emergency room. After 3 trips to the doctor I got a CT scan that revealed a very enlarged spleen and a MRI that showed infractions. Now my platelet count is at 1.4 million. Is there any way to lower my count and help my spleen without drugs?

    February 17, 2017

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