Carbon dioxide is the by product which is generated when the body cells burn down carbohydrates and fats to produce energy in the presence of oxygen.
High CO2 In Blood
The condition associated with high levels of carbon dioxide (CO2), in the blood is referred to as hypercapnia. It may or may not be associated with low levels of oxygen in the blood, which is referred to as hypoxia. Medical intervention is required if there is a gross imbalance in the blood levels of CO2 and O2.
Increased Carbon Dioxide Levels In Blood
High CO2 levels in the blood are a serious medical emergency and prolong high levels of CO2 in the blood can be associated with permanent and irreparable damage of the internal organs and can also result in death.
High levels of CO2 interfere with the ability of blood to carry Oxygen to the body cells for various metabolic activities. This in turn may result in limited supply of oxygen to the various cells of the body, which in turn reduces metabolism and can cause cellular damage. Hypercapnia if treated immediately can avoid detrimental effect on the internal organs.
Causes And Symptoms Of High CO2 Levels
Causes of high CO2 in the blood include pathological conditions namely acidosis, lung infections, atherosclerosis, vigorous physical exertion, smoking, exposure to pollutants namely CO2, scuba diving, etc.
Symptoms include chest pain, headache, mental confusion, fatigue, muscular twitching, breathlessness, increased blood pressure, increased pulse rate, etc
Treatment For High CO2 Levels
The treatment would depend upon the extent of severity of the condition and level of CO2 saturation in the blood. The treatment comprises of using oxygen mask and ventilators or hyperbaric chambers for the treatment of the condition.