Chronic Dehydration Symptoms And Treatment: What Causes Dehydration

Dehydration occurs when your body looses too much of water. When a person fails to drink adequate amount of water and fluids regularly, it leads to chronic form of dehydration. You may come across many persons in your daily life who are suffering from chronic dehydration. These individuals do not drink enough liquid every day.

Chronic form of dehydration unlike acute form is not sudden and intense in nature. The symptoms of chronic dehydration may not be as similar to those of acute dehydration. In chronic dehydration, the body is not sufficiently hydrated and thus it is not able to perform all the required functions.

Symptoms Of Chronic Dehydration

Following are chronic dehydration symptoms:

  • Dry skin: dry and flaky skin is often seen in persons who do not drink enough water. Eczema is another condition often observed in those who drink insufficient liquids.
  • Fatigue and loss of energy: when there is chronic dehydration, there is slow activity of enzymes necessary for metabolism thus making you more fatigue and tired.
  • Constipation: the stools turn dry as much of the water is absorbed by the colon wall to make up for the reduced fluid level in the body.
  • Indigestion: as water is necessary for digestion of food and elimination of the waste, chronic dehydration results into indigestion, bloating etc.
  • Arthritis and herniation of spinal disk: cartilage contains lot of water. When there is less fluid intake, it may damage the cartilage leading to arthritic pain and damage to joints.
  • Increase in cholesterol.
  • Cystitis and frequent UTI: decreased intake of fluid causes burning urination. There are more chances of stone formation and pain in the abdomen due to stone.
  • Heart burn and acid reflux.
  • Migraine headache.
  • Stomach ulcers.
  • Continuous dark colored urine is a sign of decreased intake of water; of course you have to rule out jaundice as one of the causes of dark color urine.

What Causes Chronic Dehydration?

Our body is composed of 75 percent of water; it means you require at least 8 to 9 glasses of water to keep your body in well hydrated condition. Fluid is required to keep the body cells well hydrated. Cells are the building block of every body organ such as skin, nerves, muscles, blood etc. When these body building cells get depleted of water and liquids, it gives rise to many symptoms.

As we have discussed earlier, the main cause of chronic dehydration is insufficient amount of water in your body for a long period, so what are the reasons for water deletion from our body. Following are the causes of chronic dehydration.

  • Drinking low amounts of water and fluids.
  • Excessive consumption of caffeinated drinks, such as tea and coffee.
  • Smoking.
  • Certain medicines such as diuretics.
  • Amoebic colitis.
  • Heat stroke.
  • Type 2 diabetes.
  • Excessive sweating.
  • Blood loss as it occurs in mennorhagia in woman.
  • Increased urination.
  • Diarrhea chronic.
  • Exposure to heat or radiation for a long period.

 Chronic Dehydration Treatment

  • Increasing the intake of water and fluid. It is the best way to treat chronic dehydration.
  • But avoid tea, coffee, alcohol and those fizzy beverages which contain caffeine. Caffeine as such is dehydrating substance for your body.
  • Together with water, increase your intake of fresh fruit juices and milk.
  • Eat vegetables that contain plenty of water like cucumber and bottle gourd.
  • Eat fruits that contain lot of water such as watermelon, pear, pineapple and oranges.
  • If you are on a diuretic medicine, you should ask your doctor whether any more medicines are necessary to counter the bad effects of diuretics.

We conclude from the above fact that water is vital for your health, and there is no substitute for it.

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