High Chloride Levels In Blood: Reasons For Elevated Chloride Levels

High chloride levels or hyperchloremia is a condition which is characterized by electrolyte imbalance in the blood with value of chloride exceeding 97-107 mEq/L.

Chloride plays an important role in ensuring normal body metabolism. Kidneys are responsible for controlling chloride levels and an imbalance is often associated with kidney disorders.

Reasons For Elevated Chloride Levels

Hyperchloremia can occur due to several reasons. Some of the reasons include,

  • Diarrhea, vomiting, sweating or high fever, which may result in loss of body fluids
  • Kidney failure
  • Diabetes insipidus
  • Excessive consumption of steroids, diuretics or corticosteroids
  • Increased levels of blood sodium

Chloride Levels Blood Test

Testing of blood chloride levels is done along with the testing of other electrolytes.

The tests is ordered when the physician observes certain symptoms including diarrhea, vomiting or respiratory distress.

Occasionally urine chloride measurements are also used to evaluate the levels of chloride in the blood and to ascertain imbalance in the electrolyte balance following excessive diarrhea and vomiting.

High Chloride Levels In Blood Symptoms

The common symptoms associated with high levels of chloride in the blood include respiratory distress and difficulty in breathing, excessive diarrhea and vomiting, which may be the cause or the result of electrolyte imbalance in the blood. The condition is often associated with respiratory disturbance like emphysema, Obstructive pulmonary disorder and kidney disease.

The treatment should focus on the management of the underlying condition.

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