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Functions of Growth Hormone
- Growth hormone is a linear polypeptide with 191 amino acids. A significant of the GH in the blood is bound form with GH binding protein.
- Growth hormone is required for normal growth of the child.
- GH is produced in the pituitary gland in the brain. Secretion of the GH is controlled by various other hormones produced by the brain.
- Growth hormone also stimulates the liver to produce insulin like growth factor when it is circulates in the blood.
Deficiency of the Growth Hormone Causes
- The hypothalamus releases less stimulatory hormone.
- There is less production of GH by the pituitary gland.
- There is decrease in the insulin like growth factor.
- Lack of oxygen supply at birth.
- Autoimmune condition.
Symptoms of GH Deficiency in Children
- Short stature.
- Weight gain is decreased.
- Teeth development is delayed.
- Fat around the waist is increased.
- The child looks young compared to his peers.
- Puberty is delayed.
- Low in energy
- Decreased muscle mass.
- Decrease of strength.
- Weight gain around the waist.
- Anxiety, sadness.
- Dry and thin skin.
Treatment of GH Deficiency
- Eat regular diet which contains all the necessary healthy food and ingredients such as vitamins, carbohydrates, fats, proteins etc.
- Regular exercise and sleep is also necessary.
- Growth hormone therapy with GH injection. This is prescribed by the doctor and the main aim of it is to increase stunted growth and energy.
- A pituitary tumor which may be the cause of growth hormone deficiency may require surgery or radiation.