Factor 2 deficiency is a blood clotting problem, which is caused due to lack of a substance in the blood called prothrombin. This substance is responsible for normal clotting of blood.
Causes Of Factor 2 Deficiency
- Deficiency of vitamin K; it results from prolonged use of antibiotics, obstruction in the bile duct due to a stone and other liver causes, decreased absorption of nutrition from the intestine.
- Liver disease.
- Anticoagulant therapy, which is needed in heart condition and brain disorders.
- Some children’s are born with vitamin K deficiency. For this to occur, both the parents should be carriers of factor 2 deficiency.
Symptoms Of Blood Clotting Factors Deficiency
- Abnormal bleeding after trauma.
- Bleeding does not stop after surgery.
- Continuous bleeding after delivery.
- Mild trauma causes bruising.
- Abnormal bleeding from nose.
Test to determine factor 2 deficiency: Blood test for prothrombine time, partial prothrombine time and factor 2 essay.
Factor II Deficiency Treatment
- When such a situation arises, blood loss can be replaced by transfusing fresh or frozen plasma. Vitamin K, is given in the form of capsules, injection.
- Doctors therefore advise PT, PTT, bleeding time and clotting time tests before surgery. They can take extra precaution if factor 2 is deficient in the patient.
- Factor 2 deficiency can be a lifelong, if it is inherited.
- If it is caused due to liver problems, then taking care of liver condition and administration of vitamin K will be effective.