Colon Cancer in Women: Causes, Treatment for Colon and Rectum Cancer

Colon Cancer in Women

Colon cancer is a malignant tumor of the colon and the rectum. The first 2 stages of the malignancy are limited to the colon walls, thus making it manageable through surgery. However, the third and forth stages need chemo-radiotherapy and have poorer prognosis.

Symptoms of Colon Cancer in Women

  • Initially, the bowel movement gets affected, the patient complains of constipation alternating with diarrhea. Incomplete emptying sensation occurs.
  • Bleeding at stool occurs frequently.
  • Excessive bleeding may result in an anemic condition. Symptoms like exhaustion, weariness, headaches, palpitations and giddiness occur.
  • Generally, colon cancer tends to extend to the liver. The tumor may cause jaundice.
  • Sudden, unexplained weight loss is an important symptom.
  • Extreme fatigue is a significant sign, especially, when associated with the other manifestations.
  • Frequently, the women may complain of nausea and vomiting.
    Bloating and cramps in the abdomen are also important indications.

What Causes Colon Cancer in Women?

The following are the common causes for colon cancer:

  • Excessive intake of alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Also, age is a risk factor; the cancer is seen in individuals over 50 years.

Survival Rate of Colon Cancer in Women

The prognosis and the survival rate of the colon cancer is largely dependent on the stage at which the condition id diagnosed, the extent of spread, its location, age, and the patients’ overall health.

Early diagnosis and prompt treatment improve prognosis considerably. In general, doctors opt for an integrated approach and incorporate surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.