Burkitt’s lymphoma is a non Hodgkin type of lymphoma which grows rapidly. Burkitt’s lymphoma is more commonly found in children. This aggressive type of lymphoma attacks parts of the body other than the lymph nodes.
Burkitt’s lymphoma gets its name from Denis burkitt, a scientist who described the disease in 1956 in Africa.
- Most common in children, but adults can also suffer from the disease.
- Prevalent in Africa.
- Male are susceptible to burkitt’s lymphoma more than female.
- Epstain barr virus and chronic malaria may be responsible for the translocation of the chromosomal sequence, and lead to developing a malignant clone in the form of burkitt’s lymphoma. However it can also occur without this disease.
Types Of Lymphoma
There are two types of burkitt’s lymphoma,
- Endemic (most prevalent in Africa)
- Sporadic (commonly found in other parts of world)
Symptoms Of Burkitt’s Lymphoma
Endemic Burkitt’s lymphoma
- Commonly involves mandible or the jaw bone.
- The tumor is very fast growing.
- Swelling of the jaw bone.
- The lymph node is non tender.
Sporadic Burkitt’s lymphoma
- It involves abdominal organs.
- Swelling in the abdomen.
- A palpable mass in the abdomen.
- Pain In the abdomen.
- Intestinal obstruction due to enlarged mass.
Common symptoms for both types
- Loss of weight
Treatment For Burkitt’s Lymphoma
Burkitt’s lymphoma is a rapidly growing high grade, aggressive tumor.But if recognized in early stage, it is most curable form of lymphoma. Chemotherapy is used to cure the lymphoma. Bone marrow transplantation or stem cells therapy may be necessary if it is recurrent. Surgery is done in case of abdominal tumor as it may cause intestinal obstruction.