Renal Deficiency: Symptoms of Acute and Chronic Renal Insufficiency

Renal deficiency or renal insufficiency is also called renal failure. It is a condition where your kidney does not work normally, this causes the health to deteriorate. The term renal failure is nowadays being replaced by a term renal insufficiency or renal deficiency.

  • The main function of the kidney is to excrete the body waste produced by constant body metabolism.
  • The toxins thus filtered are ultimately driven out of the body in the urine.
  • There are two types of renal failure, acute renal failure and chronic renal failure.
  • Acute renal failure results in a short time, the cause can be a severe infection, severe dehydration in gastroenteritis, or acute poisoning etc, if the disease is recognized in early stage it is completely curable.
  • Chronic renal failure occurs slowly over the years. Initially it is not noticeable, and when it is noticed it becomes too late and the condition is usually irreversible.

Symptoms of Chronic Renal Deficiency (Failure):

  • Edema of ankle and face.
  • Pale skin.
  • Poor diet and poor appetite.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Cardiomyopathy.
  • Tingling in legs and hands.
  • Lack of mental alertness.
  • Convulsion.
  • Bone pains.
  • Bleeding and clotting defects.
  • Anemia.
  • Itching.

Acute Renal Deficiency (Failure) Symptoms:

  • Sudden stoppage of urine output.
  • Pain in the flanks.
  • Vomiting
  • Swelling of feet and face.
  • Restless and confused.

In most of the chronic renal deficiency (failure) cases the renal function deteriorates over the time. Dietary manipulation and control of blood pressure are used to retard the progression of renal disease.

Restriction of protein in the diet has been beneficial. Keeping serum phosphorus normal dietary restriction or by use of phosphate binder, retards the progression of chronic renal failure. Control of hypertension is very important.