Pancreatic Lipase: Function, Deficiency and Treatment of Lipase Levels

What is Pancreatic Lipase?

The pancreatic lipase enzyme breaks down fat present in the food, i.e., it helps in fat emulsification and metabolism. The enzyme plays a very vital part in the process of digestion, assimilation and transport of lipids.

What is Meant by Pancreatic Lipase Deficiency?

A deficiency of the pancreatic lipase adversely affects the digestion of fats in the body. As a consequence to this, you could develop high levels of serum triglycerides and cholesterol, and accordingly, a range of cardiac diseases. Lipase deficiency also results in the occurrence of sugar over-load in the urine and the development of diabetes.

Pancreatic deficiency also has an impact on the metabolism of fat soluble vitamins, namely, A, D, E.

Common manifestations of the disorder are: muscle cramps and spasms, gall stones, arthritis, acne cystitis, elevated levels of cholesterol, diabetes, increased presence of sugar in the urine, cardiovascular illnesses, prostate problems, lipoma, constipation or diarrhea, varicose veins, etc.

Pancreatic Lipase Deficiency Treatment

By and large, a mild deficiency does not need treatment / supplementation. However, in cases of severe deficiency, you need to supplement the enzyme level. Pancreatic lipase deficiency is treated using enzyme supplements.

The supplements are synthesized from animal enzymes, and occasionally from plant enzymes. The enzyme is administered in addition to protease and amylase (other pancreatic enzymes). It is essential that you consult your health care professional / physician and seek his advice; especially regarding supplementation, diet and lifestyle changes.