Hemorrhoids are dilated veins in the anal region; such hemorrhoids can be external or internal in relation to anal orifice. The external variety is covered by skin, while internal variety is below the mucus membrane. They are actually varicose veins in the rectum. Pain, itchiness, burning and bright red bleeding while evacuating are the common symptoms of hemorrhoids.
When do you need surgery for hemorrhoids?
Third degree hemorrhoids which prolapse during defecation, failure of conservative treatment, fibrosed hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids which do not go back in the anal canal even after manual replacement and bleeding pile need surgery for hemorrhoids.
Benefits Of Laser Surgery For Hemorrhoids
Laser surgery for hemorrhoids: Here the laser light is used to excise the hemorrhoids in a clean fashion with a pinpoint accuracy. Benefits of laser surgery are its pinpoint precision technique and accuracy, with fast healing, less medication and discomfort.
It can be done on OPD basis. Post operative complications are less. There is less bleeding, during and after the laser surgery. Like any other surgery risk involved in laser surgery include bleeding and infection. Laser surgery often costs less than surgical procedure.
Causes of hemorrhoids can be hereditary, chronic constipation, pregnancy, carcinoma of rectum, over-purgation therapy and straining during urination in prostate problem.
Symptoms include bleeding from anus, itching, swelling and pain in anus, mucus discharge and signs of anemia.
There are various treatment modalities for hemorrhoids
Types Of Hemorrhoids Removal Surgery
- Classical surgery: Milligan-morgan technique, this is a gold standard surgical procedure for hemorrhoids. In this surgery three major anal veins are excised.
- Stapled hemorrhoidopexy: In this procedure the prolapsed hemorrhoid is excised with a stapling devise.
- Laser surgery.
- Atomizing hemorrhoid surgery.