Inflammation Of The Stomach: Chronic And Acute Gastritis Symptoms

The medical term for inflammation of stomach is gastritis.

Gastritis can be acute or chronic.

During inflammation of stomach, the internal lining of gastric mucosa gets inflamed due to certain reasons which we will discuss below.

Causes Of Stomach Inflammation

Causes of acute inflammation of stomach

  • Drugs such as aspirin and NSAID drugs.
  • Alcohol
  • Diphtheria and influenza.
  • Septicemia
  • Bile can cause acute inflammation of stomach as a complication of gastric surgery.
  • Any accidental ingestion of chemical and acids can cause acute inflammation of stomach.
  • Radiation.
  • Eating spicy food.

Causes of chronic inflammation of stomach

  • Gastric ulcer: the main cause being helicobacter pylori, the organism which is responsible for chronic gastric ulcer.
    The bacteria is transmitted from person to person, from contaminated water and food.
  • Crohn’s disease.
  • Pernicious anemia.
  • Thyroiditis.
  • Addison’s disease.
  • Mental stress.

Symptoms Of Chronic And Acute Gastritis

Symptoms of acute inflammation of stomach

  • Burning pain in the abdomen.
  • Vomiting.
  • Vomiting of blood.
  • Slow pulse.
  • Low blood pressure.

Symptoms of chronic inflammation of stomach

  • Pain in the abdomen after eating or drinking.
  • Constant pain in abdomen.
  • Black and tarry stool.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Pale face and pale tongue due to anemia.

Complication of acute inflammation of stomach

  • Gastric perforation threatening life.

Complication of chronic inflammation of stomach

  • Peptic ulcer.
  • Gastric cancer.
  • Gastric polyps.

Diagnosis Of Gastritis

Diagnosis can be confirmed by

  • Detailed history.
  • Endoscopy and biopsy of gastric mucosa.
  • X-ray barium of stomach and duodenum.
  • Stool examination.
  • Hemoglobin test.

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