Pancreas is an abdominal organ situated behind the stomach. It plays a key role in digestion of food and as an endocrine gland by releasing insulin and glucagon.
Inflamed Pancreas Or Pancreatitis
Inflammation of pancreas is known as pancreatitis.
Inflammation of pancreas can be classified as acute and chronic.
Acute pancreatitis is characterized by acute abdominal pain. It can be mild or severe in nature. The attack lasts for a short time and resolution is complete in most of the cases.
Chronic pancreatitis is defined as a continuing inflammatory disease of pancreas. It begins as an acute pancreatitis.If there is scarring in the acute stage, it becomes irreversible giving rise to pain and permanent loss of function of pancreas.
Causes Of Inflamed Pancreas
- Stone in gall bladder.
- Abdominal operation.
- Medication.( thiazides, corticosteroids,
- Hereditary disease.
- Increased cholesterol in the bold.
Inflamed Pancreas Symptoms
Symptoms of inflamed pancreas include
- Abrupt pain in the abdomen. Often precipitated by alcohol or large meal. Pain subsides in 2 to 3 days or it may last for a week
- Pain is in the middle part of the stomach or above the umbilicus
- Pain radiates to back and in between the shoulder blade
- Pain becomes worse after eating and aggravates on lying down or walking
- Vomiting and Nausea
- Abdomen tender on touch
- Rapid pulse
- Low blood pressure
- Excessive perspiration without exertion
- Bluish discoloration around umbilicus
- Abdominal distension
- Mild jaundice
Diagnosis rests on clinical presentation, raised blood amylase, ultrasound and CT scan findings.
Treatment For Acute Pancreatitis
- During acute attack, hospitalization is necessary. Patient is kept nil by mouth. That means, he is not given food or liquid by mouth. He is treated with intravenous fluids for a day or two
- Close watch is kept on blood pressure and pulse
- Pain is relived by giving suitable pain relieving drugs
- Doctors may suggest antibiotics initially
- To stop alcohol
Patient suffering from chronic variety may be advised to follow low fat, high carbohydrate diet.
Supplementary pancreatic enzyme may be prescribed by doctor.