Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency
G6PD is a genetic disorder, which most often occurs in males of African and Asian origin. The full name of G6PD deficiency is glucose 6 phosphate-dehydrogenase deficiency. Millions of people all over the world are affected with this disorder.
In this disorder the red blood cell is affected. There is a defect in the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate- dehydrogenase (G6PD), which causes the red blood cell destruction faster than normal.
This destruction is called hemolysis.
Hemolytic anemia is a grave problem associated with G6PD condition.
As such G6PD deficiency alone will not manifest any symptoms, but when the hemolysis is triggered due to certain causes in a G6PD individual, it gives rise to grave symptoms such as:
- Blood from urine
- Difficulty in breathing.
- Pale skin.
The triggering factor which leads to hemolytic anemia in a G6PD patient is bacterial or viral infection, certain anti malarial drugs such as primaquin, quinine etc. Hemolytic anemia can also occur after eating certain foods such as fava beans.
Foods to Avoid G6PD
There are certain foods which a person should avoid when he is having G6PD condition. As this foods are known to cause blood hemolysis.
- Fava beans and legumes.
- Soy and soy containing foods such as pizzas, ice cream, burgers, chocolates etc.
- Peanuts and peanut butter, sauces, salad dressings etc.
- Menthol flavored candies and menthol preparations.
A person suffering from G6PD condition should always consult his doctor before taking any medicine, as there are medicines such as antimalarials, sulfonamides, methylene blue containing medicine which can trigger hemolytic crisis in a G6PD patient.