Fluoride Deficiency: Symptoms and Diseases Due to Lack of Fluoride

Lack of Fluoride Symptoms

Fluoride is an essential nutrient for health and normal growth and development of the body. It influences in the development and function of bones and teeth. Fluoride is present in the earth; from here it gets released into surface and underground water and vegetations. Through this fluoride enters the human body.

Drinking water is the main sources of fluoride in man. Vegetables, cereals, fish and seafood, tea and certain wines are rich in fluoride.

Body tissues rich in fluoride stores are bones, teeth, hair, nails, skin and soft tissue. Fluoride is excreted through kidney, feces and sweat.

Fluoride Deficiency Diseases

Fluoride deficiencies can cause teeth decay, brittle and weak bones. Elderly individuals can be vulnerable for fracture of hips and long bones due to fluoride deficiency.

Studies have shown that dental carries in children is more, where the fluoride in drinking water is less than 0.5 ppm.  Normally water containing 0.5 to 1 ppm is considered to be sufficient in most parts of the world.

Overdose of fluoride can lead to dental fluorosis.

Fluoride deficiency can cause diseases such as dental cavity, osteoporosis

When the drinking water contains excessive amount of fluoride i.e. more than 3 ppm, can give rise to dental fluorosis.

In this condition the enamel of the tooth is affected, it becomes lusterless and chalky patches appear on the surface of the tooth.

Fluoride toxicity can give rise to gastrointestinal irritation, hemorrhage. Clinically it is a rare finding.