A Cerebral hemorrhage is a common cause for stroke in people who have high blood pressure and hardened artery due to high cholesterol level in blood (atherosclerosis). Cerebral hemorrhage is caused when the cerebral artery bursts in the brain. The effused blood irritates and destroys the cerebral tissue and later forms a hematoma or a cyst.
Cerebral hemorrhage is also called brain hemorrhage or intracranial hemorrhage. Cerebral hemorrhage occurs within the brain tissue.
Causes Of Brain Hemorrhage
- Head injury.
- Hypertension, untreated high blood pressure is a major cause of cerebral hemorrhage.
- Aneurism: it is weakening of vessel wall which may eventually burst due to pressure.
- Coagulation defects in blood disorders such as hemophilia or sickle cell anemia, but it is rare cause.
- Brain tumors.
- Liver disease.
Cerebral Hemorrhage Symptoms
The symptoms of cerebral hemorrhage may correspond to the area of the brain damage, the amount of bleeding, and the amount of tissue involved.
- Headache may be complained of before consciousness is lost.
- Half of the case loses consciousness within few minutes.
- Seizures in patients with no previous history.
- Neck stiffness
- Slowing of pulse and respiration.
- Breathing with a peculiar sound (stertoros).
- Pin point pupils.
- Coma with loss of muscle tone.
If the person recovers he may suffer from paralysis. Voluntary movement gradually returns, but the skilled movements of hand may be permanently lost.
Treatment For Cerebral Hemorrhage
Treatment will depend on location of the hemorrhage and the cause of hemorrhage. Surgery may be required in some cases to aspirate the clot and coagulating the bleeding point. Simultaneous medications for seizures and medicines to reduce inflammation are advised.