Ruptured Spleen Symptoms: Causes, Treatment for Spleen Rupture

What Is a Ruptured Spleen?

The spleen is a small organ located at the left side of your body under your rib cage. It is a fist-sized organ that contains special white blood cells that destroy bacteria. It also filters the blood and removes damaged platelets and blood cells.

Any injury to the spleen can result in a serious medical condition called ruptured spleen. It occurs when the capsule-like covering of the organ breaks open, causing internal bleeding. Ruptured spleen symptoms are detectable and require immediate treatment.


Causes of Ruptured Spleen


Spleen rupture can be caused by severe direct blow.

This is held true regardless of the person’s age. The most common spleen rupture causes include:

  • Vehicular accidents
  • Sports injuries
  • Domestic violence
  • Drug abuse


Certain illnesses can also cause a ruptured spleen. Here are some of these illnesses:

  • Malaria
  • Hematological or Blood diseases
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Vasculitis
  • Leukemia
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Infectious Mononucleosis.

Spleen Rupture Signs and Symptoms

The symptoms vary on the size of the injury and amount of blood that leaks out. Abdominal pain and tenderness are the classic symptoms. Left shoulder pain and rapid heart rate are also signs of this injury. Internal bleeding due to the ruptured spleen can cause low blood pressure thus resulting to:

  • Light-headedness
  • Blurred vision
  • Confusion
  • Anxiety
  • Restlessness

Spleen Rupture Treatment

A ruptured spleen is an emergency medical condition that requires immediate medical attention.

A ‘œsplenic’ rupture is usually but not always treated with surgery.  Ruptured spleen treatment also depends on the size of the injury. Small injuries may be treated without surgery. However, you must still be hospitalized and undergo blood transfusion. If the spleen hasn’t completely ruptured, the surgeon may repair the tears. There may also be a case that the surgeon will opt to completely remove the organ from the body. A person can live without a spleen; however, the immune system weakens, making the person more susceptible to diseases.