Gall stones are hard stone like substances found in the gallbladder. They occur in 5 to 10 per cent of the population and found about 5 times more commonly in females, their incidence increases with age. Inflammation of gall bladder is often associated with gall stones.
Gall stones form due to change in chemical properties of bile. Cholesterol is the principal component of gall-stones and its precipitation from bile is highly relevant. Liver is the source of abnormal bile, and gall bladder play a vital role in providing stasis and site for formation of stones from the accumulated bile.
The size of gall-stone can range from a peanut to a golf ball.
Causes Of Gallstone Formation
- The major cause is a diet that is greatly lacking in fiber. A low fiber diet leads to reduction in synthesis of bile acids by liver, which in turn reduces the solubility of bile.
- Another risk factor is the high consumption of refined carbohydrates (white sugar, refined flour, and processed foods).
- Obesity is associated with formation of gall stones
Gall-stone are of three types:
- Cholesterol stones: They are composed entirely of cholesterol; they are also referred to as ‘metabolic stones’. Such types of gallstones occur singly or in multiples.
- Pigment stones: This stone are numerous and are always made up of bile pigments. They occur due to excessive excretion of bilirubin by liver as in case of hemolytic disease. They are rare.
- Mixed gall stones: They are most common type of stones present in large numbers, and they are made up of cholesterol, calcium and bilirubin.
Symptoms Of Gallstones
Some gall stones are asymptomatic, i.e. they do not produce any clinical features or symptoms. They are accidentally found. Patient is commonly obese and of middle age, a woman in most circumstances.
Cardinal symptom is gall-stone colic; it occurs when the stone is lodged in cystic or common bile duct otherwise if present in gall bladder they are symptomless.
Attack may be precipitated by heavy fat and cholesterol containing meal or due to excessive physical effort. Pain is severe in nature felt in right side below the lungs, and radiates to back and below the right shoulder blade. Vomiting and nausea frequently occur. Light color stool with dark urine are other features of presence of gall- stone. Often patient is constipated.
Alternative Remedies For Gallstones
- Reduction of weight is necessary in persons suffering from gall stone. Obesity results in an increased synthesis of cholesterol in the body. This increased cholesterol, in turn amplifies the secretion of cholesterol in the bile, which is a potent risk factor for stone formation.
- Diet with low fat and no fried food is advisable. Reduce the consumption of refined carbohydrates, sugar, saturated fats, fried foods, and animal proteins.
- Drink plenty of water. Consumption of 8 to 10 glasses of fluids daily is essential to maintain the optimum water content of bile.
- Alternative treatment with apple juice mixed with lime juice if consumed for three days, will breakdown gall-stones and allow them to be passed out through the urine.
- Homeopathy acts effectively in treating gall stones: Cholesterinum, Berberis Vulgaris, China and Chionanthus are some of the remedies found useful in breaking gall stones.
- Herbal remedy for gall stones include dandelion and rosemary, if included in daily diet, they help to breakdown the gall-stone formed in gallbladder.
- Vegetarian diet with fiber contents should be consumed regularly when a person is suffering from gall stone. A vegetarian diet protects against gall stone formation and also helps treat it successfully.