Functions of Tongue: Main Functions of Tongue in Digestive System

Main Functions of Tongue

Tongue is undoubtedly the most important organ of the body. Imagine a situation without a tongue and you will definitely be disturbed. You won’t be able to chew the food, you won’t be able to talk, or there won’t be any taste of food that we eat. Life will become miserable without tongue.

Therefore we should take great care of this organ which is made up of muscles. Function of the tongue

  • On the surface of the tongue there are tiny papillae, they are in large number and the main function of the papilla is they act as taste buds.
    Tongue can distinguish the taste of the food, such as bitter, sour, sweet and salty.
  • Tongue is responsible for speech. Short tongue or tongue tie patients will have difficulty in pronouncing words. The sound that is produced from the voice box needs the help of the tongue to make a word more audible and apprehensible.
  • Tongue helps to keep the oral cavity clean. The food particles attached to the teeth are cleared by tongue.
  • Tongue helps to identify the thermal nature of the food, whether it is hot or cold.

Functions of Tongue in Digestive System

  • Tongue in assimilation of food: due to its muscular nature, tongue can manipulate in any direction, this facilitates the food to be properly mixed with saliva. Tongue can now turn the chewed food into a bolus and push it into the esophagus, from where the food will proceed further into the stomach through the peristaltic movement. Therefore it can be referred as a part of digestive system.

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