Anal Fistula Home Remedies
Anal fistula (fistula-in-ano) is an abnormal connection usually a passage way between the surface of the anal canal and the skin surrounding the anus. It does not present any disease and is not harmful; however, it can be really painful. No cases have been reported that formed stool pass the fistula.
Causes of Anal Fistula
There are many known causes of the condition. Knowing them will help you get a good treatment plan:
- Anal abscess is the most common cause. When the anal gland (located between layers of the anal sphincter) is blocked, it forms abscess and finds its way to the surface through the skin. The pathway formed is now the fistula.
- An ulcer or a growth
- It can also be inherited.
- May also be a result of a surgical complication
- Inflammatory diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis.
- Other conditions such as rectal cancer, extrapulmonary tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, syphilis, and Chlamydia.
How Will You Know If You Have Anal Fistula?
The diagnosis is through physical examination under outpatient services or under anesthesia if anoscopy is to be performed. Anoscopy is a procedure used to view the anus utilizing a small, rigid speculum.
Symptoms of Anal Fistula
Associated symptoms are the following:
- Bloody or discgarges with pus
- Symptoms of infection such as fever and increased sweating
- Itchiness in the rectal area
- A thickening or indurations may be felt due to chronic condition
Treatment for Anal Fistula
- Treat the infection. Antibiotics are usually prescribed. A procedure is done with the use of seton (a suture or thread) that is placed through the fistula to keep it open for the pus to drain. That way abscess will not form.
- Surgery. Procedures such as cutting the fistula open, injecting a biodegradable glue to keep the fistula close, or closing the anal fistula through sewing.