Embryo transfer is one of the steps in in vitro fertilization (IVF). It is the process where an embryo is transferred intravaginally. A transfer catheter is used and is loaded with embryos. They are then expelled to the uterus where the normal process of pregnancy ensues. An abdominal ultrasound usually follows to see if the placement is correct. The process does not generally require anesthesia. Precautions after embryo transfer are to be remembered.
Preparing for an Embryo Transfer
You have to be physically and mentally prepared for an embryo transfer. The uterus is the primary organ of importance.It has to be on a state where it is ready to accept a growing embryo. It must sufficiently supply the needs of the embryo. The embryo also must be in a state where it can be transferred already. How is this done?
- Hormone therapy. The expectant mother can be given estrogen preparations for about two weeks, followed by a combination of both estrogen and progesterone so the uterus can receive the embryo.
- Timing. Three days after fertilization, the embryo can now be transferred in stimulated cycles in IVF. The embryo is now in the blastocyst stage.
What Should You Do After an Embryo Transfer?
Important precautions after embryo transfer should be followed:
- Rest. Do not engage in forceful activities like vigorous workouts and exercises.
- Do not smoke. Smoking can increase the risk of miscarriage.
- Avoid foods and drinks that contain caffeine. Caffeine is proven to have undesirable effects on the fetus.
- Do not drink alcohol. It also creates undesirable effects to the fetus.
- Do not lift heavy objects.
- Only engage in light household chores.
- Do not take medications or herbal preparations without your doctor’s prescription.
- Avoid sunbathing, swimming, and hot tubs.
This process is fragile and costly. Not taking precautions after embryo transfer will put all your efforts to waste.