Congestion of pelvic organs refers to the congestion of the blood vessels in the organs found in the pelvic cavity, the female reproductive organs. Pelvic congestion is a syndrome (one that has many associated signs and symptoms). It is caused by varicosities in the veins that surround the uterus and the ovaries. Blood pools down to these tiny veins and causes congestion. A heart condition is usually behind this pooling down. This affects the uterus, ovaries, cervix, and the vulva.
Causes of Congestion of the Pelvic Organs and Who Are at Risk
Here are factors that can predispose a woman to have pelvic congestion:
- 17-45 years old (child bearing years)
- Had two or more pregnancies
- Having a uterus that is tipped at the back (retroverted).
- Has an existing varicose veins in the legs
- Has ovaries with multiple cysts
- Has hormonal imbalances
See here for info on: Tipped Uterus Conception.
Symptoms of Pelvic Organs Congestion
- A dull aching pain in the pelvic area
- Excessive menstrual bleeding and bleeding after menstruation
Diagnosis and Treatment of Pelvic Organs Congestion
The physician will usually ask questions about the symptoms being experienced, previous diseases, and other pertinent information. He will also perform gynaecologic examinations as an initial assessment to rule out other possible causes of congestion of the pelvic organs. It can be diagnosed with:
- Invasive methods: laparoscopy, trans genital ultrasound
- Non-invasive methods: pelvic ultrasound, magnetic resonance venography, and ovarian vein embolization
Treatmment depends on the symptoms presented.It may include:
- Anti-pain medication
- Oral contraceptives
- Embolization (a surgical process that seals of a vein and keep blood from entering so as to relieve pressure).
- Surgery. Removal of the affected vein, removal of the ovaries or the uterus. Surgical option is usually rare.